See my English biography of Shivaji, page 333, footnote. “In appearance, they were able-bodied and muscular, many of them handsome, intelligent and quick to assimilate, and possessing physical courage,” wrote the English civil servant Henry Baden-Powell of the Mahars. There are several contemporary or near contemporary portraits of Shivaji. No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed. George Francis Hamilton, Secretary of State of India wrote to Curzon, ‘I think the real danger to our rule in India not now, but say 50 years hence is the gradual adoption and extension of Western ideas of agitation organisation and if we could break educated Indians into two sections holding widely different views, we should, by such a division, strengthen our position against the subtle and continuous attack which the spread of education must make upon our system of government. possibility is very highly unlikely. It is notable that the army of Aurangzeb which fought against Shivaji was mainly consisted of Rajput Hindus. 'We behold kings ... sunk in sloth or debauchery and emulating the vices of a Caligula or a Commodus. its just a theory. D. Five. The Maratha king Shivaji recruited a number of them into his army in the 17th century. This is …  British Rule He further informed me that the Prime Minister of Tippu Sultan was a Brahmin named Punaiya and his commander-in-chief was also a Brahmin, named Krishna Rao. See my Marathi biography of Shivaji, volume 1, pages 869 to 871 (section 39). 10. No Nur Khan was sar-senapati in any army, leave alone Shivaji's army, in the 17th Century.He does not appear in Shivaji's army after 1657. Siddi Ibrahim was a Bodyguard of King Shivaji. .... सिद्दी हिलाल. Art. They served as guards in hill forts and as soldiers. Answer. One of these was COPIED by Mir Muhammad for Manucci in or about 1686. While I was doing some research on Tippu Sultan in 1928 at Allahabad, some office bearers of a college Students Union approached me with a request to inaugurate their History Association. In infantry there were officers such as Havaldar and Jumledar. शिवाजी महाराजांचे 31 बॉडी गार्ड होते त्या पैकी 10 मुसलमान होते. The author of the text-book was, Mahamahopadhyaya Dr. Har Prashad Shastri, Head of the Department of Sanskrit, Calcutta University. Ambedkar's father helped recruit most of the mahar soilders during WW1, and ambedkar himself recruited them in WW2. He was in Mughal service and Manucci had commissioned him to copy some portraits in Mughal collection. I approached Sri Ashutosh Mukherjee, the then Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University, and sent him all the correspondence that I had exchanged with Dr Shastri, with Mysore University Vice-Chancellor, Sri Brijendra Nath Seal, and Prof. Srikantia, with the request to take proper action against the offending passages in the text-book. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic. He always modernized is army. (You can check this on internet.) The Maratha king Shivaji recruited a number of them into his army in the 17th century. Netaji Palkar was accompanied by Siddhi Hilal. His march till Wai had been an unrelieved calamity. Full name ? On the other hand, the army of Adilshah which fought against king Shivaji consisted of mainly Deccan Hindus. Battle of Salher was an important battle between Mughals and marathas.  They served as guards in hill forts and as soldiers. He had defected to Shivaji from the Adilshahi army in 1659. Shivaji was a secular king, but the biased historians wrote false history which lead India to communal wars and disputes between Hindus and Muslims in 20th Century. The Hindu has been brought up to believe that the Muslim period of Indian history which extends over eight hundred years and more is a nightmare. Cross informed the Governor-General, Dufferin, that 'This division of religious feeling is greatly to our advantage and I look for some good as a result of your Committee of Inquiry on Indian Education and on teaching material' (Cross to Dufferin, 14 January, 1887). I have the honour to move the following resolution for the consideration of this House: 'This House is of the opinion that the main factor retarding cultural and emotional integration of the Indian people is the communal interpretation of the medieval Indian history and its distortion by the British historians, while India was under British rule, portraying the Hindus and the Muslims as being divided into two warring camps with little in common between them, and that this distortion paved the way for the emergence of the two-nation theory, and therefore recommends that the government should take immediate steps for the re-orientation of the study of Medieval Indian History ...'. Here is a small list, I will add more names later. This was reason for the attack on Balol Khan campaign. His actual name was Kudtoji Gujar, because of his bravery "Prataprao(brave)" pseudonym was given by Shivaji Maharaj. Aug 3, 2014 - Talk about Muslims in Shivaji Maharaj’s army and their valorous deeds ! A major part of the soldiers in Shivaji’s army was of Muslims. However, before I reached a definite conclusion, I thought it to be in order to consult Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, a renowned scholar of Persian language. Shivaji was born in the hill-fort of Shivneri, near the city of Junnar in Pune district around the year 1630. They had directly come from the college with their text-books. Shivaji Maharaj. See my Marathi biography of Shivaji, volume 1, pages 869 to 871 (section 39). A major part of the soldiers in Shivaji’s army was of Muslims. (See point 13 below.). As the king had ordered Prataprao to not to show face unless Bahlol Khan was captured, Prataprao decided not to let his cavalrymen killed. The Mahar served in various armies over several centuries. Pune: The 1st Battalion of The Mahar Regiment, an infantry regiment of the Indian Army, will celebrate its platinum jubilee at Aundh Military Station to commemorate 75 years of glorious service to the nation. 'Under such rulers we cannot wonder that fountains of justice are corrupted: that the state revenues are never collected without violence and outrage; that villages are burnt and their inhabitants mutilated or sold into slavery; that the officials far from affording protection, are themselves the chief robbers and usurpers, that parasites and eunuchs revel in the spoils of plundered provinces, and that the poor find no redress against the oppressor's wrong and proud man's contumely. Afazal Khan tried to kill the King, but he himself got killed. Was Shivaji Hindutva-wadi? (See Appendix 10: "Shivaji's Portraits" in my English biography of Shivaji.) Although both these enemies of the king were Muslims, that does not mean that Shivaji was anti-Muslim. I opened the chapter on Tippu Sultan. The name Tarapore comes for the same reason. Aug 3, 2014 - Talk about Muslims in Shivaji Maharaj’s army and their valorous deeds ! During the fag end of the Peshwa rule, on January 1, 1818, in the battle fought at Bhima Koregaon (near Pune) between the Peshwas and the British army, which comprised of … To rescue the king, Netaji Palkar, one of the famous chieftains in Shivaji's army, attacked the enemy. These customs damaged our society immensely and  In 1679, Chhatrapati Shivaji annexed the island of Khanderi, which was 11 miles (18 km) off the entrance to Mumbai.In response the English and the Siddi repeatedly attacked the island, but they were unable to oust the Maratha from the islands. Today I came across a WhatsApp message stating that Shivaji Maharaj was not in oppose to Musalman. He accompanied Netaji Palkar: Royal Era Shahaji Raje: He was father of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the founder of the Maratha Empire. On seeing this anger of Prataprao against Balol Khan, other six maratha leader joined the charge. In the seventeenth century, Mahars were part of the armies of the Maratha king Shivaji, and in the late eighteenth century and the nineteenth Century, Mahars joined the British armed forces and served until the army was reorganized on a "martial peoples" basis in the late nineteenth century. The Politics of Shivaji, Caste And History Writing. दौलत खान. great article..thanks for shedding light on shivaji and his multi faith army. (Rajputs were there, but they had given up against current rulers which happened to be all MUSLIMS). One of the sentences that struck me deeply was: 'Three thousand Brahmins committed suicide as Tippu wanted to convert them forcibly into the fold of Islam'. Add your answer and earn points. The samadhi or tomb of Govind Gopal (Mahar) Gaikwad is near the complex which has the samadhi of Sambhaji Maharaj. Please find below his explanation (in English) under each statements (in Marathi) which is being spread. The reason for the letter was once Balol Khan was captured by Maratha, but it was released by Prataprao. So did Shivaji induced Hindu Nationalism(that Hindus can actually rule India coming over long lasted muslim dominence since 12th century)? His actual name was Kudtoji Gujar, because of his bravery "Prataprao(brave)" pseudonym was given by Shivaji Maharaj. Kazi Hyder was an emissary of King Shivaji, who later became a Secretary. Though the history of the Mahar Regiment dates back to when the Maratha Empire was expanding during the reign of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the regiment … It is foolish to suppose that Shivaji had to obtain tiger claws from an Adilshahi officer. The Mahar served in various armies from 322 BCE to late 18th Century. Surely not, because when we study the life of this great king, we find that many of his military officers and associates were staunch Muslims.The fact is that the king had appointed Muslims on the highest posts in many departments, including his Navy and Artillery. It had nothing to do with religion. This should make it clear that those claiming that Shivaji Maharaj had a separate Pathan force to counter the Rajputs force under Aurangzeb . Shivaji’s brave men had not till now faced a regular army equipped with artillery and dangerous weapons. But was Shivaji an anti-Muslim king? The strength of the cavalry was 1,50000, out of which about 66,000 troopers were Muslims. Aug 3, 2014 - Talk about Muslims in Shivaji Maharaj’s army and their valorous deeds ! Shivaji Bhonsle (Marathi [ʃiʋaˑɟiˑ bʱoˑs(ə)leˑ]; c. 1627/1630 – 3 April 1680) was an Indian warrior king and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan. Contents. There was a very ordinary kabar of Afzal Khan. This is because of the letter sent by Shivaji. The Government of Maharashtra accepts 19 February 1630 as his birthdate; other suggested dates include 6 April 1627 or other dates near this day. The task is not easy, because unfortunately the histories of India which have been taught in our schools and colleges for generations past were originally compiled by European writers. Sanjeev Dasan from Mumbai, Maharashtra, India on December 15, 2013: I am trying to get more details about General Ratanjiba who led the army of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, who was awarded 100 villages of which Tarapore was main village. Sir Sapru studied the Jagdambri Shiv Mandir documents and again found Farmans of Aurangzeb which bestowed a Jagir on this temple. 7. Afzal Khan, the dreaded Bijapuri Commander, had advanced from Bijapur to Wai laying waste the whole country. He appointed Daryadarang as the Chief of the Navy. (due to which Maratha kingdom went from Emperor Shahu (son of Shivaji) to Peshwas and then to mughals). They served as guards in hill forts and as soldiers. Thus under a definite policy the Indian history text-books were so falsified and distorted as to give an impression that the medieval period of Indian history was full of atrocities committed by Muslim rulers on their Hindu subject and the Hindus had to suffer terrible indignities under Islamic rule. A new Aurangzeb was unveiled before me and through further research and. 5. You have given an interesting theory, a research form this perspective is awaited. Please note: Shivaji's own words and deeds, the records left by his contemporaries (admirers, enemies, and neutral observers) and the views of his political successors conclusively show that that the primary aim of the kingdom he founded was protection and promotion of Hinduism. Shivaji had once sent him as envoy to Bahadur Khan in 1675. He needed to safeguard his kingdom from any invasion from the sea, so he built his own navy. I shall write about the nature of Shivaji's Kingdom and his aims and objects in the 3rd volume of my Marathi biography of Shivaji which will be published by the end of this year. Siddi Hilal was not chief of Shivaji's cavalry The chief of Shivaji's cavalry were 1. The well known instance of recruiting Muslims in the king’s army was the batch of 700 Pathans, who left the army of Adilshah of Vijapur and joined the king. I was shocked to find this reference regarding a man who is supposed to have been a destroyer of temples. A. Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Photography. This was one of the bravest event in the history of Marathas. Here too we see that most of the soldiers in his artillery were from Muslim community. Explore. Share your knowledge and earn revenue! As for his policy of religious tolerance see chapter 19, pages 619 to 623. 4. So the fact is that the war which the king fought was just a political war. When the king was on fort of Panhala, the army of Adilshah sieged the fort (1660 C.E.). Though an untouchable caste, the Mahars of Maharashtra had traditionally held valuable positions in the military and administrative services. And Indians have not yet succeeded in shaking off the biases inclucated by their European teachers. C. Four. There is no evidence to say that Shivaji had 31 bodyguards and that of these 10 were Musalmans. That was the year when Shivaji became in independant ruler. In this battle, Siddhi Hilal’s son Siddhi Wahwah was seriously injured. It is unlikely that he could have done any such thing. Shivaji’s war was against Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and Vijapur Sultan Adilshah. Shivaji Bhonsle, later to be known as the legendary Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, was born into the Maratha-Bhosle clan to Shahaji Bhonsle, a … You may share this with anyone. This is a strictly moderated site. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the founder of Maratha empire, raised a small yet effective land army. Kheloji had purchased him as a slave boy and treated him as his son (kreetputra). There were two main divisions of the army of Shivaji Maharaj- infantry and cavalry. Siddhi Hilal was another brave Muslim chieftain in Shivaji’s army. On the occasion, veterans, veer nari (war widows) and serving officers are attending the celebrations. Netoji could be brought back into the Hindu fold because he was born as a Hindu. Netoji Palkar, 4.  Shivaji's father Shahaji Bhosale was Maratha general who served the Deccan Sultanates. He supplied me with the list of 156 temples to which Tippu Sultan used to pay annual grants. That seems very LIKELY. It is true that Daulat Khan was chief of Shivaji's fleet. shivaji maharaj gave a strike order to the Army that any valuables collected during the the campaigns in enemy territories - 32176493 How British historians have used these sentiments would be clear from the following quotation from the well-known compilation, Sir H. M. Elliot's 'History of India as told by its own historians'. When the King met Afazal Khan at Pratap Gadh, Shivaji was accompanied by 3 Body Guards, Siddi Ibrahim was one of them. The latter could have been brought up, like Siddi Hilal, in the Hindu way of life; but there is no evidence. 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