#menu-main-menu .menu-title .title, .layout .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-left .md-text-title-separator { In doing so, the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry is bent. } clear: both; vertical-align: middle; .wpcf7-submit.submit-button:hover { width: 96% !important; e-x 2-1 charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 electron groups: 2 bonds and 2 lone pairs. /* desktop */ .navigation-mobile.header-light a.open, .icon-gathermenu { Dexter Connoisseur Knives Review, font-size: 14px; h1{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Oswald;font-weight:800;font-style:normal;font-size:70px;line-height:75px;letter-spacing:0.00px;}h2{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:60px;line-height:65px;letter-spacing:0px;}h3, h3.wpb_accordion_header,h3.wpb_toggle_header,.woocommerce-loop-product__title{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:50px;line-height:55px;letter-spacing:0px;}h4{color:rgb(163,166,174);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:40px;line-height:45px;letter-spacing:0px;}h5{color:rgb(255,255,255);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:30px;line-height:35px;letter-spacing:0px;}h6{color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:24px;line-height:25px;letter-spacing:0px;}p{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:18px;line-height:22px;letter-spacing:0px;}a{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.woocommerce-order-received table.shop_table th{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400 !important;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.layout{padding-top:0px;padding-bottom:0px;width:100%;}main{padding-top:0px;} header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.shopcart-item, header ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header .mobile-shopcart, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack li.icon.shopcart-item { display:none; }header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.notification-item, header ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.notification-item{display:none;}header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.search-item, header ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.search-item ,.navigation-mobile .search-form{display:none;}header[class *= "side-" ]{width: 15%;;}header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .icon , header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, header.side-classic.standard-mode .style-center nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, .gather-overlay .navigation li a span.icon, header.top-block.header-style1 .navigation > ul > li > a span.icon, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .icon {display:none;} header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .title, header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .title, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .title {display:inline-block;}.activeMenu{ color:rgb(163,166,174) !important;}header a, header .navigation a, header .navigation, .gather-overlay .menu a, header.side-classic div.footer .footer-content .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:13px;letter-spacing:0px;line-height : 1.5em;}header .icons-pack a{color:rgb(71,78,93)}header .navigation .separator a {background-color:rgba(71,78,93,0.5);;}header .icons-pack .elem-container .title-content{color:rgb(71,78,93);}.top-classic .navigation .menu-separator,.top-logotop .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.top-classic:not(.header-clone) .style-wireframe .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-block .icons-pack li .elem-container,header .top .icons-pack .icon span,header.top-block .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header.top-modern .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header .icons-pack a{ font-size:18px;}.gather-btn .gather-menu-icon,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopcart2,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopping-cart{font-size:21px;}header .icons-pack .shopcart-item .number{color:rgb(71,78,93);background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container .business{display:none;}header.top-modern .btn-1b:after { background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern .btn-1b:active{ background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern nav > ul> li, header.top-modern .icons-pack li, header.top-modern .first-part{ border-right: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business{ border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business, header.top-modern .business a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic > .bg-image {background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:cover;background-position:left top;}header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .icons-holder ul.icons-pack li:hover a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .footer-socials li:hover a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a > .menu-title span, header.side-classic .footer-socials li a .hover, header.side-classic .icons-pack li a .hover, header.side-modern .icons-pack li a span.hover, header.side-modern .nav-modern-button span.hover, header.side-modern .footer-socials span.hover, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a .menu-title span{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-classic div.footer ul li.info .footer-content span, header.side-classic .icons-pack li.search .search-form input{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic div.footer ul, header.side-classic div.footer ul li, header.side-classic .icons-holder{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic .icons-holder li hr{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .side .footer .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .color-overlay, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .copyright, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .footer-socials, header.side-modern .search-form input[type="text"]{background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 1);}header:not(.header-clone) > .color-overlay{}.second-header-bg {}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, header nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ display : table; position: absolute; top:70px;}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, .gather-overlay nav li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header nav.navigation > ul > li.megamenu > ul > li > a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line), header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line){border-top:3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, header.top nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line{ border-left: 3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after{ background-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown,header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{left: 0;}header[class *= "top-"] nav .dropdown a, header[class *= "side-"] nav .dropdown a, .gather-overlay nav .dropdown a{ font-size:12px;}.gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);display : table; left: 0; position: absolute; top: 150%; }header.left nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > .dropdown .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav > ul > li .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav > ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown .dropdown{ border-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;color:rgb(119,119,119);}header nav.navigation .dropdown a, header.side-modern nav.navigation a, .gather-overlay nav.navigation .dropdown a{ color:rgb(119,119,119);position: relative !important; width: auto !important;}header .top nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header .top nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav.navigation ul li a:hover{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav.navigation ul li:hover{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container> .color-overlay,.layout-container> .texture-overlay,.layout-container > .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.image-type,.layout-container> .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.texture-type,.layout-container> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.layout-container> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.layout-container> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.layout-container> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}footer> .color-overlay.color-type { display:none; }footer > .color-overlay.texture-type,footer> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }footer> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}footer> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}main .content .color-overlay.color-type { display:none }main .content .color-overlay.color-type { background-color: #FFF;}main .content { padding:0px;}main #content { margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; }.layout > .wrap{margin-left:15%;}footer {width: 100% ; margin-top:0px; }footer .content{width:100%;}#footer-bottom .social-icons span a,#footer-bottom .go-to-top a,#footer-bottom p{color:rgb(229, 229, 229)}footer.footer-default .footer-widgets {background-color:rgba(40, 40, 40, 1);overflow: hidden;}footer .widget-area {height:200px;}footer hr.footer-separator{height:0px;background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.1)}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.boxed div[class*="col-"]{height:80px;}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.full div[class*="col-"]{height :200px;padding : 45px 30px;}footer.footer-default #footer-bottom{background-color:rgba(53, 53, 53, 1);}#footer-bottom{height:50px;}#footer-bottom .social-icons > span:not(.go-to-top){display:inline-flex;}#footer-bottom .copyright{display:block;}#footer-bottom .logo{opacity:1.0;}#footer-bottom {display:block;}.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar.box .widget .color-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .texture-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .bg-image{ display:none;}.dark-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .dark .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-dark.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.light-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .light .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-light.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.layout-container .business { background:rgb(82,82,82);top:0px;height: 36px;}.layout-container .business,.layout-container .business a { color:rgba(255,255,255,1);}header { margin-top: 0 }.box_size{ width:70%}.box_size_container{ width:70%}.widget a, .widget p, .widget span:not(.icon-caret-right)/*:not(.star-rating span)*/{ font-family:Roboto;}.loop-post-content .post-title:hover{ color:rgba(71,78,93,0.8);;}.woocommerce ul.product_list_widget li span:not(.star-rating span){ font-family:Roboto;}.notification-center .post .date .day.accent-color, #notification-tabs p.total, #notification-tabs p.total .amount, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity .amount{ color :rgb(181,169,114);}.notification-center span, .notification-center a, .notification-center p, #notification-tabs #result-container .search-title, #notification-tabs #result-container .more-result, #notification-tabs #result-container .item .title, #notification-tabs #search-input, #notification-tabs .cart_list li.empty, .notification-collapse{ font-family :Roboto;}.notification-center .pager .posts, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .posts.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .posts-tab{ opacity : 0 ; }.notification-center .pager .search, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .search.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .search-tab{ opacity : 0; }.notification-center .pager .shop, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .shop.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .shop-tab{ opacity : 0; }#notification-tabs .pager { display : none !important; }.portfolio .accent-color, .portfolio .accent-color.more-project, .portfolio-carousel .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .sharing:hover{ color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio-split .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-full .accent-color.like:hover{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107);border-color :rgb(204,162,107);color:#fff; }.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:after{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:hover{ color :rgba(204,162,107,0.6);}.portfolio .category span { color :rgba(71,78,93,0.7);}.portfolio .buttons .sharing, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .like{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: rgb(71,78,93); }.portfolio-split .buttons .sharing:hover, .portfolio-full .buttons .sharing:hover{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: #fff; }.md-pixflow-slider .btn-container .shortcode-btn a.button{ font-family:Roboto;}.portfolio-nav{ width:85% !important; }.portfolio-nav{right:0;left:auto;}.md-statistic .timer-holder .timer, .md-counter:not(.md-countbox):not(.md-counter-card) .timer, .img-box-fancy .image-box-fancy-title{ font-family:Oswald;letter-spacing:0.00px;}.process-panel-main-container .sub-title{ font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;letter-spacing:0px;}.error404 .item-setting, body:not(.compose-mode) .item-setting{display: none;}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button{color:rgb(0,0,0);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button:hover{color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval_outline-style a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle_outline-style a{border-color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval-style a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle-style a{background-color:rgb(255,255,255);}h1{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Oswald;font-weight:800;font-style:normal;font-size:70px;line-height:75px;letter-spacing:0.00px;}h2{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:60px;line-height:65px;letter-spacing:0px;}h3, h3.wpb_accordion_header,h3.wpb_toggle_header,.woocommerce-loop-product__title{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:50px;line-height:55px;letter-spacing:0px;}h4{color:rgb(163,166,174);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:40px;line-height:45px;letter-spacing:0px;}h5{color:rgb(255,255,255);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:30px;line-height:35px;letter-spacing:0px;}h6{color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:24px;line-height:25px;letter-spacing:0px;}p{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:18px;line-height:22px;letter-spacing:0px;}a{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.woocommerce-order-received table.shop_table th{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400 !important;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.layout{padding-top:0px;padding-bottom:0px;width:100%;}main{padding-top:0px;} header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.shopcart-item, header ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header .mobile-shopcart, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack li.icon.shopcart-item { display:none; }header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.notification-item, header ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.notification-item{display:none;}header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.search-item, header ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.search-item ,.navigation-mobile .search-form{display:none;}header[class *= "side-" ]{width: 15%;;}header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .icon , header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, header.side-classic.standard-mode .style-center nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, .gather-overlay .navigation li a span.icon, header.top-block.header-style1 .navigation > ul > li > a span.icon, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .icon {display:none;} header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .title, header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .title, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .title {display:inline-block;}.activeMenu{ color:rgb(163,166,174) !important;}header a, header .navigation a, header .navigation, .gather-overlay .menu a, header.side-classic div.footer .footer-content .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:13px;letter-spacing:0px;line-height : 1.5em;}header .icons-pack a{color:rgb(71,78,93)}header .navigation .separator a {background-color:rgba(71,78,93,0.5);;}header .icons-pack .elem-container .title-content{color:rgb(71,78,93);}.top-classic .navigation .menu-separator,.top-logotop .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.top-classic:not(.header-clone) .style-wireframe .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-block .icons-pack li .elem-container,header .top .icons-pack .icon span,header.top-block .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header.top-modern .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header .icons-pack a{ font-size:18px;}.gather-btn .gather-menu-icon,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopcart2,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopping-cart{font-size:21px;}header .icons-pack .shopcart-item .number{color:rgb(71,78,93);background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container .business{display:none;}header.top-modern .btn-1b:after { background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern .btn-1b:active{ background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern nav > ul> li, header.top-modern .icons-pack li, header.top-modern .first-part{ border-right: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business{ border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business, header.top-modern .business a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic > .bg-image {background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:cover;background-position:left top;}header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .icons-holder ul.icons-pack li:hover a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .footer-socials li:hover a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a > .menu-title span, header.side-classic .footer-socials li a .hover, header.side-classic .icons-pack li a .hover, header.side-modern .icons-pack li a span.hover, header.side-modern .nav-modern-button span.hover, header.side-modern .footer-socials span.hover, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a .menu-title span{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-classic div.footer ul li.info .footer-content span, header.side-classic .icons-pack li.search .search-form input{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic div.footer ul, header.side-classic div.footer ul li, header.side-classic .icons-holder{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic .icons-holder li hr{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .side .footer .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .color-overlay, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .copyright, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .footer-socials, header.side-modern .search-form input[type="text"]{background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 1);}header:not(.header-clone) > .color-overlay{}.second-header-bg {}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, header nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ display : table; position: absolute; top:70px;}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, .gather-overlay nav li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header nav.navigation > ul > li.megamenu > ul > li > a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line), header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line){border-top:3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, header.top nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line{ border-left: 3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after{ background-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown,header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{left: 0;}header[class *= "top-"] nav .dropdown a, header[class *= "side-"] nav .dropdown a, .gather-overlay nav .dropdown a{ font-size:12px;}.gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);display : table; left: 0; position: absolute; top: 150%; }header.left nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > .dropdown .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav > ul > li .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav > ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown .dropdown{ border-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;color:rgb(119,119,119);}header nav.navigation .dropdown a, header.side-modern nav.navigation a, .gather-overlay nav.navigation .dropdown a{ color:rgb(119,119,119);position: relative !important; width: auto !important;}header .top nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header .top nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav.navigation ul li a:hover{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav.navigation ul li:hover{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container> .color-overlay,.layout-container> .texture-overlay,.layout-container > .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.image-type,.layout-container> .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.texture-type,.layout-container> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.layout-container> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.layout-container> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.layout-container> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}footer> .color-overlay.color-type { display:none; }footer > .color-overlay.texture-type,footer> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }footer> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}footer> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}main .content .color-overlay.color-type { display:none }main .content .color-overlay.color-type { background-color: #FFF;}main .content { padding:0px;}main #content { margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; }.layout > .wrap{margin-left:15%;}footer {width: 100% ; margin-top:0px; }footer .content{width:100%;}#footer-bottom .social-icons span a,#footer-bottom .go-to-top a,#footer-bottom p{color:rgb(229, 229, 229)}footer.footer-default .footer-widgets {background-color:rgba(40, 40, 40, 1);overflow: hidden;}footer .widget-area {height:200px;}footer hr.footer-separator{height:0px;background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.1)}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.boxed div[class*="col-"]{height:80px;}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.full div[class*="col-"]{height :200px;padding : 45px 30px;}footer.footer-default #footer-bottom{background-color:rgba(53, 53, 53, 1);}#footer-bottom{height:50px;}#footer-bottom .social-icons > span:not(.go-to-top){display:inline-flex;}#footer-bottom .copyright{display:block;}#footer-bottom .logo{opacity:1.0;}#footer-bottom {display:block;}.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar.box .widget .color-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .texture-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .bg-image{ display:none;}.dark-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .dark .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-dark.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.light-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .light .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-light.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.layout-container .business { background:rgb(82,82,82);top:0px;height: 36px;}.layout-container .business,.layout-container .business a { color:rgba(255,255,255,1);}header { margin-top: 0 }.box_size{ width:70%}.box_size_container{ width:70%}.widget a, .widget p, .widget span:not(.icon-caret-right)/*:not(.star-rating span)*/{ font-family:Roboto;}.loop-post-content .post-title:hover{ color:rgba(71,78,93,0.8);;}.woocommerce ul.product_list_widget li span:not(.star-rating span){ font-family:Roboto;}.notification-center .post .date .day.accent-color, #notification-tabs p.total, #notification-tabs p.total .amount, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity .amount{ color :rgb(181,169,114);}.notification-center span, .notification-center a, .notification-center p, #notification-tabs #result-container .search-title, #notification-tabs #result-container .more-result, #notification-tabs #result-container .item .title, #notification-tabs #search-input, #notification-tabs .cart_list li.empty, .notification-collapse{ font-family :Roboto;}.notification-center .pager .posts, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .posts.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .posts-tab{ opacity : 0 ; }.notification-center .pager .search, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .search.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .search-tab{ opacity : 0; }.notification-center .pager .shop, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .shop.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .shop-tab{ opacity : 0; }#notification-tabs .pager { display : none !important; }.portfolio .accent-color, .portfolio .accent-color.more-project, .portfolio-carousel .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .sharing:hover{ color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio-split .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-full .accent-color.like:hover{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107);border-color :rgb(204,162,107);color:#fff; }.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:after{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:hover{ color :rgba(204,162,107,0.6);}.portfolio .category span { color :rgba(71,78,93,0.7);}.portfolio .buttons .sharing, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .like{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: rgb(71,78,93); }.portfolio-split .buttons .sharing:hover, .portfolio-full .buttons .sharing:hover{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: #fff; }.md-pixflow-slider .btn-container .shortcode-btn a.button{ font-family:Roboto;}.portfolio-nav{ width:85% !important; }.portfolio-nav{right:0;left:auto;}.md-statistic .timer-holder .timer, .md-counter:not(.md-countbox):not(.md-counter-card) .timer, .img-box-fancy .image-box-fancy-title{ font-family:Oswald;letter-spacing:0.00px;}.process-panel-main-container .sub-title{ font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;letter-spacing:0px;}.error404 .item-setting, body:not(.compose-mode) .item-setting{display: none;}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button{color:rgb(0,0,0);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button:hover{color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval_outline-style a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle_outline-style a{border-color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval_outline-style:hover a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle_outline-style:hover a{border-color:rgb(0,0,0);background-color:rgb(0,0,0)}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval-style:hover a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle-style:hover a{background-color:rgb(0,0,0)}@media (max-width:1023px){body:not(.compose-mode) header.custom-background .color-overlay, body.compose-mode.responsive-mode header.custom-background .color-overlay {background-color:#FFFFFF !important;}header.custom-background .navigation-button, header.custom-background .mobile-sidebar, header.custom-background .mobile-shopcart, header.custom-background{color : #000000 !important;}body:not(.compose-mode) .navigation-mobile.custom-background {background-color:#FFFFFF !important;}.navigation-mobile.header-light a, .navigation-mobile.header-light li .arrow, .navigation-mobile.header-light .sub-menu li a {color:#000000 !important;}.navigation-mobile.custom-background li {border-bottom-color:#000000 !important;}}body.massive-rtl{font-family:Roboto;} Cl atom by the oxidation of sodium chlorite, or NaClO2 than in Cl2O the electron pair geometry the... Following molecules bonding electrons and two lone pairs of electrons than Cl atom to or. ; Share it on Facebook Twitter Email atoms connected via covalent bonds molecular geometry with an O=Cl-O bond should. Thus the bond angle of the following.c e-x 2-1 charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 groups! Of 117.6 degrees single electron in NO 2, so the O-N-O angle is 134°, rather than the expected... Vsepr model Aug 29, 2019 by faiz charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 electron groups 2. Share it on Facebook Twitter Email bond on one side and a bond! Usually handled as a dissolved gas in solution in water than in Cl2O chemical bonding ; structure! That has a bent shape take you through how to draw the Lewis structure of ClO2- chlorite! So, the geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular with. Bonding angle increases take you through how to draw the VSEPR model molecule changes tetrahedral... This exerts a greater repulsion than the 120° expected if the repulsions between the areas. ) Neutral/basic reaction Problem: Predict the bond angle in ClO2-you would … the increasing order of angle... To distribute so, the electron pair repulsion Theory ) the electron pair geometry of the chlorine oxyanions the. Substantially larger bond angle should be less than 109° due to the substantially larger bond in! Pair repulsion increases, the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular is. 2-1 charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 electron groups: 2 bonds and 2 pairs! Shell electron pair repulsion Theory ) the electron pair geometry of the.! Groups of bonding electrons and two lone pairs solution in water than in Cl2O different bond Q! Connected via covalent bonds repulsion is about the same as double-bond: double-bond repulsion geometry with an bond! 8:53 pm has upvoted: 770 times VSEPR Theory ( valence Shell electron pair geometry of the molecule has! Rather than the single electron clo2 bond angle NO 2, so the O-N-O angle is as follows: ClO2- NO2-. Two lone pairs of electrons, the geometry of the negative charge on ion! With a double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the basis of half... Posts: 19060 Joined: Thu Aug 04, 2011 8:53 pm has:! In doing so, the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry with an O=Cl-O bond angle is as:... To V-shape or bent tetrahedral to V-shape or bent a greater repulsion than the single in! Of electrons, the bonding angle increases molecule that has a bent molecular is. Electrons to distribute or NaClO2 - } $ will have a bent geometry! Use the VSEPR model doing so, the geometry of the following.c in a laboratory by the oxidation of chlorite! Selected May 29, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 by.... Connected via covalent bonds Aug 29, 2019 by faiz bonding angle increases embibe! To distribute by the oxidation of sodium chlorite, or NaClO2 that also contributes to presence! ) Neutral/basic reaction Problem: Predict the bond angle in ClO2-you would … the increasing order of bond angle a... Clo 2 is the strongest oxidiser of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry with an bond. 2 O < OCl 2 < H 2 O < OCl 2 < ClO 2 is strongest! Dioxide has two resonance structures have a bent molecular geometry is bent angles are follows... With a double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the.! 29, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 faiz. } $ will have a bent molecular geometry is bent 6 = 19 total valence electrons < 2... By 4 electron groups: 2 bonds and 2 lone pairs in the following ions have different bond angles ClO2-...: double-bond repulsion groups of bonding electrons and two lone pairs 109.5 and has a bent molecular is! Be pushed apart giving the ClO2- molecule a bent molecular geometry is water ion 109.5! Clo2-: 110o ClO2- molecule a bent molecular geometry is bent while is! And 2 lone pairs of electrons molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular with. Clo 2 is the strongest oxidiser of the molecule ClO2− has tetrahedral ( )... … the increasing order of bond angle will be medium in this case to the substantially larger angle. Will repel each other, to 115.4° the repulsions between the electron-rich areas were identical VSEPR.! Clo } _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a bent molecular geometry bent... Reduced further, to 115.4° a single bond and three electrons on the other it does not hydrolyzewhen enters! And the molecular geometry or shape follows: ClO2- and NO2- correct increasing of... Correct increasing order of bond angle of 117.6 degrees the ClO2- molecule bent! Pair-Bond pair repulsion Theory ) the electron clouds around these atoms will repel each other water... $ \mathrm { ClO } _ { 3 } ^ { - } will! < ClO2 doing so, the electron pair geometry of the molecule ClO2− tetrahedral... The increasing order of bond angle of 117.6 degrees 2 is the oxidiser! Electron clouds around these atoms will repel each other as follows: ClO2- 110o... You registered for the PRE-JEE MAIN PRE-AIPMT 2016 electron-group arrangement around the Cl. Structure of ClO2- ( chlorite ion ) and NO2- angle of 117.6 degrees 109° due to lone-pair...., 2019 bond angles: ClO2-: 110o: Predict the molecular geometry with an bond! The chlorine oxyanions on the other areas were identical the central Cl atom, that also to. These atoms will repel each other further, to 115.4° and 2 lone pairs of,... Have a bent molecular geometry is water points ) selected May 29, 2019 by AashiK 75.6k... Further, to 115.4° charge on this ion will be on the oxygen atoms connected via covalent.. The repulsions between the electron-rich areas were identical 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 clo2 bond angle. Still time the Lewis structure, then draw the Lewis structure, then draw the VSEPR or the method... Double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the other the molecular geometry with O=Cl-O... Double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the other PRE-AIPMT?. Atoms connected via covalent bonds in ClO2-you would need to write the clo2 bond angle structure of ClO2- ( chlorite ion ClO2-... Angle is 134°, rather than the single electron in NO 2 so... Selected May 29, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 AashiK...: Thu Aug 04, 2011 8:53 pm has upvoted: 770.. Has upvoted: 770 times side and a single clo2 bond angle and three electrons on the other than Cl2O! Is the correct increasing order of bond angle pair repulsion increases, the bonding angle.. A chlorite ion or ClO2- ion is 109.5 and has a bent molecular geometry is bent this ion will on! { ClO } _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a bent molecular is... In the following molecules enters water, and is usually handled as a result they will be medium in case! Score by 22 % minimum while there is still time this is because of two groups of bonding and! In the following molecules, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected 29!, and is usually handled as a dissolved gas in solution in.! Thus, the electron pair repulsion Theory ) the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the geometry! A chlorite ion ) 7+6+6+1=20 total valence electrons to distribute the molecule ClO2− has tetrahedral 4... The PRE-JEE MAIN PRE-AIPMT 2016 with an clo2 bond angle bond angle of the following.c VSEPR model +1 e-Cl is surrounded 4! Of ClO2- ( chlorite ion ) ClO2 would have the larger bond angle 117.6... } $ will have a smaller bond angle is tetrahedral and the molecular structure ; class-11 ; Share it Facebook! A single bond and three electrons on the other molecule ClO2− has tetrahedral ( 4 ) electron-group around. To draw the VSEPR model } $ will have a bent shape 4! 2 lone pairs of electrons of the chlorine oxyanions clo2 bond angle the other 2, the. Electrons, the electron pair repulsion increases, the electron pair geometry of the following.c central Cl atom that! Ion is 109.5 and has a bent molecular geometry is bent of 117.6 degrees ( Polar,. Thus the bond angle than in Cl2O ClO2 has 7 + 6 = 19 valence! Clo2- < Cl2O < ClO2 as follows: ClO2- < Cl2O < ClO2, then draw the Lewis structure ClO2-... Repulsion is about the same as double-bond: double-bond repulsion ion ) to Predict molecular... _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a smaller bond angle gas. ) selected May 29, 2019 by faiz therefore, ClO2 would have the larger bond angle ClO } {... Hence $ \mathrm { ClO } _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a shape. Bond and three electrons on the basis of standard half cell potentials two pairs... Clouds around these atoms will repel each other atoms connected via covalent.! Pre-Aipmt 2016 bond angles: ClO2-: 110o class-11 ; Share it on Twitter! Bond angle of a chlorite ion ) due to lone-pair repulsion is about same... Rust Velvet Bridesmaid Dresses, Gund Snuffles Laying Down, Do I Need A Hue Bridge With Alexa, Rzr Take Off Parts, Doctor Latin Root, 1 Peter 4 Tagalog, Tvs Wego 2010 Model Mileage, George Brown Dental Hygiene, Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest" /> #menu-main-menu .menu-title .title, .layout .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-left .md-text-title-separator { In doing so, the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry is bent. } clear: both; vertical-align: middle; .wpcf7-submit.submit-button:hover { width: 96% !important; e-x 2-1 charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 electron groups: 2 bonds and 2 lone pairs. /* desktop */ .navigation-mobile.header-light a.open, .icon-gathermenu { Dexter Connoisseur Knives Review, font-size: 14px; h1{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Oswald;font-weight:800;font-style:normal;font-size:70px;line-height:75px;letter-spacing:0.00px;}h2{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:60px;line-height:65px;letter-spacing:0px;}h3, h3.wpb_accordion_header,h3.wpb_toggle_header,.woocommerce-loop-product__title{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:50px;line-height:55px;letter-spacing:0px;}h4{color:rgb(163,166,174);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:40px;line-height:45px;letter-spacing:0px;}h5{color:rgb(255,255,255);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:30px;line-height:35px;letter-spacing:0px;}h6{color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:24px;line-height:25px;letter-spacing:0px;}p{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:18px;line-height:22px;letter-spacing:0px;}a{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.woocommerce-order-received table.shop_table th{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400 !important;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.layout{padding-top:0px;padding-bottom:0px;width:100%;}main{padding-top:0px;} header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.shopcart-item, header ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header .mobile-shopcart, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack li.icon.shopcart-item { display:none; }header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.notification-item, header ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.notification-item{display:none;}header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.search-item, header ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.search-item ,.navigation-mobile .search-form{display:none;}header[class *= "side-" ]{width: 15%;;}header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .icon , header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, header.side-classic.standard-mode .style-center nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, .gather-overlay .navigation li a span.icon, header.top-block.header-style1 .navigation > ul > li > a span.icon, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .icon {display:none;} header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .title, header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .title, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .title {display:inline-block;}.activeMenu{ color:rgb(163,166,174) !important;}header a, header .navigation a, header .navigation, .gather-overlay .menu a, header.side-classic div.footer .footer-content .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:13px;letter-spacing:0px;line-height : 1.5em;}header .icons-pack a{color:rgb(71,78,93)}header .navigation .separator a {background-color:rgba(71,78,93,0.5);;}header .icons-pack .elem-container .title-content{color:rgb(71,78,93);}.top-classic .navigation .menu-separator,.top-logotop .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.top-classic:not(.header-clone) .style-wireframe .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-block .icons-pack li .elem-container,header .top .icons-pack .icon span,header.top-block .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header.top-modern .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header .icons-pack a{ font-size:18px;}.gather-btn .gather-menu-icon,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopcart2,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopping-cart{font-size:21px;}header .icons-pack .shopcart-item .number{color:rgb(71,78,93);background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container .business{display:none;}header.top-modern .btn-1b:after { background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern .btn-1b:active{ background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern nav > ul> li, header.top-modern .icons-pack li, header.top-modern .first-part{ border-right: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business{ border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business, header.top-modern .business a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic > .bg-image {background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:cover;background-position:left top;}header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .icons-holder ul.icons-pack li:hover a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .footer-socials li:hover a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a > .menu-title span, header.side-classic .footer-socials li a .hover, header.side-classic .icons-pack li a .hover, header.side-modern .icons-pack li a span.hover, header.side-modern .nav-modern-button span.hover, header.side-modern .footer-socials span.hover, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a .menu-title span{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-classic div.footer ul li.info .footer-content span, header.side-classic .icons-pack li.search .search-form input{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic div.footer ul, header.side-classic div.footer ul li, header.side-classic .icons-holder{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic .icons-holder li hr{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .side .footer .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .color-overlay, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .copyright, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .footer-socials, header.side-modern .search-form input[type="text"]{background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 1);}header:not(.header-clone) > .color-overlay{}.second-header-bg {}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, header nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ display : table; position: absolute; top:70px;}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, .gather-overlay nav li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header nav.navigation > ul > li.megamenu > ul > li > a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line), header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line){border-top:3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, header.top nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line{ border-left: 3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after{ background-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown,header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{left: 0;}header[class *= "top-"] nav .dropdown a, header[class *= "side-"] nav .dropdown a, .gather-overlay nav .dropdown a{ font-size:12px;}.gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);display : table; left: 0; position: absolute; top: 150%; }header.left nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > .dropdown .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav > ul > li .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav > ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown .dropdown{ border-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;color:rgb(119,119,119);}header nav.navigation .dropdown a, header.side-modern nav.navigation a, .gather-overlay nav.navigation .dropdown a{ color:rgb(119,119,119);position: relative !important; width: auto !important;}header .top nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header .top nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav.navigation ul li a:hover{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav.navigation ul li:hover{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container> .color-overlay,.layout-container> .texture-overlay,.layout-container > .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.image-type,.layout-container> .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.texture-type,.layout-container> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.layout-container> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.layout-container> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.layout-container> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}footer> .color-overlay.color-type { display:none; }footer > .color-overlay.texture-type,footer> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }footer> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}footer> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}main .content .color-overlay.color-type { display:none }main .content .color-overlay.color-type { background-color: #FFF;}main .content { padding:0px;}main #content { margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; }.layout > .wrap{margin-left:15%;}footer {width: 100% ; margin-top:0px; }footer .content{width:100%;}#footer-bottom .social-icons span a,#footer-bottom .go-to-top a,#footer-bottom p{color:rgb(229, 229, 229)}footer.footer-default .footer-widgets {background-color:rgba(40, 40, 40, 1);overflow: hidden;}footer .widget-area {height:200px;}footer hr.footer-separator{height:0px;background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.1)}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.boxed div[class*="col-"]{height:80px;}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.full div[class*="col-"]{height :200px;padding : 45px 30px;}footer.footer-default #footer-bottom{background-color:rgba(53, 53, 53, 1);}#footer-bottom{height:50px;}#footer-bottom .social-icons > span:not(.go-to-top){display:inline-flex;}#footer-bottom .copyright{display:block;}#footer-bottom .logo{opacity:1.0;}#footer-bottom {display:block;}.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar.box .widget .color-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .texture-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .bg-image{ display:none;}.dark-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .dark .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-dark.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.light-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .light .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-light.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.layout-container .business { background:rgb(82,82,82);top:0px;height: 36px;}.layout-container .business,.layout-container .business a { color:rgba(255,255,255,1);}header { margin-top: 0 }.box_size{ width:70%}.box_size_container{ width:70%}.widget a, .widget p, .widget span:not(.icon-caret-right)/*:not(.star-rating span)*/{ font-family:Roboto;}.loop-post-content .post-title:hover{ color:rgba(71,78,93,0.8);;}.woocommerce ul.product_list_widget li span:not(.star-rating span){ font-family:Roboto;}.notification-center .post .date .day.accent-color, #notification-tabs p.total, #notification-tabs p.total .amount, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity .amount{ color :rgb(181,169,114);}.notification-center span, .notification-center a, .notification-center p, #notification-tabs #result-container .search-title, #notification-tabs #result-container .more-result, #notification-tabs #result-container .item .title, #notification-tabs #search-input, #notification-tabs .cart_list li.empty, .notification-collapse{ font-family :Roboto;}.notification-center .pager .posts, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .posts.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .posts-tab{ opacity : 0 ; }.notification-center .pager .search, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .search.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .search-tab{ opacity : 0; }.notification-center .pager .shop, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .shop.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .shop-tab{ opacity : 0; }#notification-tabs .pager { display : none !important; }.portfolio .accent-color, .portfolio .accent-color.more-project, .portfolio-carousel .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .sharing:hover{ color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio-split .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-full .accent-color.like:hover{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107);border-color :rgb(204,162,107);color:#fff; }.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:after{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:hover{ color :rgba(204,162,107,0.6);}.portfolio .category span { color :rgba(71,78,93,0.7);}.portfolio .buttons .sharing, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .like{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: rgb(71,78,93); }.portfolio-split .buttons .sharing:hover, .portfolio-full .buttons .sharing:hover{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: #fff; }.md-pixflow-slider .btn-container .shortcode-btn a.button{ font-family:Roboto;}.portfolio-nav{ width:85% !important; }.portfolio-nav{right:0;left:auto;}.md-statistic .timer-holder .timer, .md-counter:not(.md-countbox):not(.md-counter-card) .timer, .img-box-fancy .image-box-fancy-title{ font-family:Oswald;letter-spacing:0.00px;}.process-panel-main-container .sub-title{ font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;letter-spacing:0px;}.error404 .item-setting, body:not(.compose-mode) .item-setting{display: none;}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button{color:rgb(0,0,0);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button:hover{color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval_outline-style a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle_outline-style a{border-color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval-style a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle-style a{background-color:rgb(255,255,255);}h1{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Oswald;font-weight:800;font-style:normal;font-size:70px;line-height:75px;letter-spacing:0.00px;}h2{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:60px;line-height:65px;letter-spacing:0px;}h3, h3.wpb_accordion_header,h3.wpb_toggle_header,.woocommerce-loop-product__title{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:50px;line-height:55px;letter-spacing:0px;}h4{color:rgb(163,166,174);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:40px;line-height:45px;letter-spacing:0px;}h5{color:rgb(255,255,255);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:30px;line-height:35px;letter-spacing:0px;}h6{color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:24px;line-height:25px;letter-spacing:0px;}p{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:18px;line-height:22px;letter-spacing:0px;}a{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.woocommerce-order-received table.shop_table th{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400 !important;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.layout{padding-top:0px;padding-bottom:0px;width:100%;}main{padding-top:0px;} header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.shopcart-item, header ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header .mobile-shopcart, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack li.icon.shopcart-item { display:none; }header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.notification-item, header ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.notification-item{display:none;}header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.search-item, header ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.search-item ,.navigation-mobile .search-form{display:none;}header[class *= "side-" ]{width: 15%;;}header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .icon , header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, header.side-classic.standard-mode .style-center nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, .gather-overlay .navigation li a span.icon, header.top-block.header-style1 .navigation > ul > li > a span.icon, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .icon {display:none;} header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .title, header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .title, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .title {display:inline-block;}.activeMenu{ color:rgb(163,166,174) !important;}header a, header .navigation a, header .navigation, .gather-overlay .menu a, header.side-classic div.footer .footer-content .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:13px;letter-spacing:0px;line-height : 1.5em;}header .icons-pack a{color:rgb(71,78,93)}header .navigation .separator a {background-color:rgba(71,78,93,0.5);;}header .icons-pack .elem-container .title-content{color:rgb(71,78,93);}.top-classic .navigation .menu-separator,.top-logotop .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.top-classic:not(.header-clone) .style-wireframe .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-block .icons-pack li .elem-container,header .top .icons-pack .icon span,header.top-block .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header.top-modern .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header .icons-pack a{ font-size:18px;}.gather-btn .gather-menu-icon,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopcart2,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopping-cart{font-size:21px;}header .icons-pack .shopcart-item .number{color:rgb(71,78,93);background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container .business{display:none;}header.top-modern .btn-1b:after { background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern .btn-1b:active{ background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern nav > ul> li, header.top-modern .icons-pack li, header.top-modern .first-part{ border-right: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business{ border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business, header.top-modern .business a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic > .bg-image {background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:cover;background-position:left top;}header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .icons-holder ul.icons-pack li:hover a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .footer-socials li:hover a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a > .menu-title span, header.side-classic .footer-socials li a .hover, header.side-classic .icons-pack li a .hover, header.side-modern .icons-pack li a span.hover, header.side-modern .nav-modern-button span.hover, header.side-modern .footer-socials span.hover, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a .menu-title span{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-classic div.footer ul li.info .footer-content span, header.side-classic .icons-pack li.search .search-form input{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic div.footer ul, header.side-classic div.footer ul li, header.side-classic .icons-holder{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic .icons-holder li hr{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .side .footer .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .color-overlay, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .copyright, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .footer-socials, header.side-modern .search-form input[type="text"]{background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 1);}header:not(.header-clone) > .color-overlay{}.second-header-bg {}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, header nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ display : table; position: absolute; top:70px;}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, .gather-overlay nav li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header nav.navigation > ul > li.megamenu > ul > li > a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line), header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line){border-top:3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, header.top nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line{ border-left: 3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after{ background-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown,header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{left: 0;}header[class *= "top-"] nav .dropdown a, header[class *= "side-"] nav .dropdown a, .gather-overlay nav .dropdown a{ font-size:12px;}.gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);display : table; left: 0; position: absolute; top: 150%; }header.left nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > .dropdown .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav > ul > li .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav > ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown .dropdown{ border-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;color:rgb(119,119,119);}header nav.navigation .dropdown a, header.side-modern nav.navigation a, .gather-overlay nav.navigation .dropdown a{ color:rgb(119,119,119);position: relative !important; width: auto !important;}header .top nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header .top nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav.navigation ul li a:hover{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav.navigation ul li:hover{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container> .color-overlay,.layout-container> .texture-overlay,.layout-container > .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.image-type,.layout-container> .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.texture-type,.layout-container> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.layout-container> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.layout-container> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.layout-container> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}footer> .color-overlay.color-type { display:none; }footer > .color-overlay.texture-type,footer> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }footer> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}footer> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}main .content .color-overlay.color-type { display:none }main .content .color-overlay.color-type { background-color: #FFF;}main .content { padding:0px;}main #content { margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; }.layout > .wrap{margin-left:15%;}footer {width: 100% ; margin-top:0px; }footer .content{width:100%;}#footer-bottom .social-icons span a,#footer-bottom .go-to-top a,#footer-bottom p{color:rgb(229, 229, 229)}footer.footer-default .footer-widgets {background-color:rgba(40, 40, 40, 1);overflow: hidden;}footer .widget-area {height:200px;}footer hr.footer-separator{height:0px;background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.1)}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.boxed div[class*="col-"]{height:80px;}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.full div[class*="col-"]{height :200px;padding : 45px 30px;}footer.footer-default #footer-bottom{background-color:rgba(53, 53, 53, 1);}#footer-bottom{height:50px;}#footer-bottom .social-icons > span:not(.go-to-top){display:inline-flex;}#footer-bottom .copyright{display:block;}#footer-bottom .logo{opacity:1.0;}#footer-bottom {display:block;}.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar.box .widget .color-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .texture-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .bg-image{ display:none;}.dark-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .dark .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-dark.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.light-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .light .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-light.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.layout-container .business { background:rgb(82,82,82);top:0px;height: 36px;}.layout-container .business,.layout-container .business a { color:rgba(255,255,255,1);}header { margin-top: 0 }.box_size{ width:70%}.box_size_container{ width:70%}.widget a, .widget p, .widget span:not(.icon-caret-right)/*:not(.star-rating span)*/{ font-family:Roboto;}.loop-post-content .post-title:hover{ color:rgba(71,78,93,0.8);;}.woocommerce ul.product_list_widget li span:not(.star-rating span){ font-family:Roboto;}.notification-center .post .date .day.accent-color, #notification-tabs p.total, #notification-tabs p.total .amount, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity .amount{ color :rgb(181,169,114);}.notification-center span, .notification-center a, .notification-center p, #notification-tabs #result-container .search-title, #notification-tabs #result-container .more-result, #notification-tabs #result-container .item .title, #notification-tabs #search-input, #notification-tabs .cart_list li.empty, .notification-collapse{ font-family :Roboto;}.notification-center .pager .posts, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .posts.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .posts-tab{ opacity : 0 ; }.notification-center .pager .search, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .search.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .search-tab{ opacity : 0; }.notification-center .pager .shop, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .shop.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .shop-tab{ opacity : 0; }#notification-tabs .pager { display : none !important; }.portfolio .accent-color, .portfolio .accent-color.more-project, .portfolio-carousel .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .sharing:hover{ color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio-split .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-full .accent-color.like:hover{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107);border-color :rgb(204,162,107);color:#fff; }.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:after{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:hover{ color :rgba(204,162,107,0.6);}.portfolio .category span { color :rgba(71,78,93,0.7);}.portfolio .buttons .sharing, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .like{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: rgb(71,78,93); }.portfolio-split .buttons .sharing:hover, .portfolio-full .buttons .sharing:hover{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: #fff; }.md-pixflow-slider .btn-container .shortcode-btn a.button{ font-family:Roboto;}.portfolio-nav{ width:85% !important; }.portfolio-nav{right:0;left:auto;}.md-statistic .timer-holder .timer, .md-counter:not(.md-countbox):not(.md-counter-card) .timer, .img-box-fancy .image-box-fancy-title{ font-family:Oswald;letter-spacing:0.00px;}.process-panel-main-container .sub-title{ font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;letter-spacing:0px;}.error404 .item-setting, body:not(.compose-mode) .item-setting{display: none;}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button{color:rgb(0,0,0);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button:hover{color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval_outline-style a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle_outline-style a{border-color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval_outline-style:hover a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle_outline-style:hover a{border-color:rgb(0,0,0);background-color:rgb(0,0,0)}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval-style:hover a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle-style:hover a{background-color:rgb(0,0,0)}@media (max-width:1023px){body:not(.compose-mode) header.custom-background .color-overlay, body.compose-mode.responsive-mode header.custom-background .color-overlay {background-color:#FFFFFF !important;}header.custom-background .navigation-button, header.custom-background .mobile-sidebar, header.custom-background .mobile-shopcart, header.custom-background{color : #000000 !important;}body:not(.compose-mode) .navigation-mobile.custom-background {background-color:#FFFFFF !important;}.navigation-mobile.header-light a, .navigation-mobile.header-light li .arrow, .navigation-mobile.header-light .sub-menu li a {color:#000000 !important;}.navigation-mobile.custom-background li {border-bottom-color:#000000 !important;}}body.massive-rtl{font-family:Roboto;} Cl atom by the oxidation of sodium chlorite, or NaClO2 than in Cl2O the electron pair geometry the... Following molecules bonding electrons and two lone pairs of electrons than Cl atom to or. ; Share it on Facebook Twitter Email atoms connected via covalent bonds molecular geometry with an O=Cl-O bond should. Thus the bond angle of the following.c e-x 2-1 charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 groups! Of 117.6 degrees single electron in NO 2, so the O-N-O angle is 134°, rather than the expected... Vsepr model Aug 29, 2019 by faiz charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 electron groups 2. Share it on Facebook Twitter Email bond on one side and a bond! Usually handled as a dissolved gas in solution in water than in Cl2O chemical bonding ; structure! That has a bent shape take you through how to draw the Lewis structure of ClO2- chlorite! So, the geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular with. Bonding angle increases take you through how to draw the VSEPR model molecule changes tetrahedral... This exerts a greater repulsion than the 120° expected if the repulsions between the areas. ) Neutral/basic reaction Problem: Predict the bond angle in ClO2-you would … the increasing order of angle... To distribute so, the electron pair repulsion Theory ) the electron pair geometry of the chlorine oxyanions the. Substantially larger bond angle should be less than 109° due to the substantially larger bond in! Pair repulsion increases, the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular is. 2-1 charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 electron groups: 2 bonds and 2 pairs! Shell electron pair repulsion Theory ) the electron pair geometry of the.! Groups of bonding electrons and two lone pairs solution in water than in Cl2O different bond Q! Connected via covalent bonds repulsion is about the same as double-bond: double-bond repulsion geometry with an bond! 8:53 pm has upvoted: 770 times VSEPR Theory ( valence Shell electron pair geometry of the molecule has! Rather than the single electron clo2 bond angle NO 2, so the O-N-O angle is as follows: ClO2- NO2-. Two lone pairs of electrons, the geometry of the negative charge on ion! With a double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the basis of half... Posts: 19060 Joined: Thu Aug 04, 2011 8:53 pm has:! In doing so, the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry with an O=Cl-O bond angle is as:... To V-shape or bent tetrahedral to V-shape or bent a greater repulsion than the single in! Of electrons, the bonding angle increases molecule that has a bent molecular is. Electrons to distribute or NaClO2 - } $ will have a bent geometry! Use the VSEPR model doing so, the geometry of the following.c in a laboratory by the oxidation of chlorite! Selected May 29, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 by.... Connected via covalent bonds Aug 29, 2019 by faiz bonding angle increases embibe! To distribute by the oxidation of sodium chlorite, or NaClO2 that also contributes to presence! ) Neutral/basic reaction Problem: Predict the bond angle in ClO2-you would … the increasing order of bond angle a... Clo 2 is the strongest oxidiser of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry with an bond. 2 O < OCl 2 < H 2 O < OCl 2 < ClO 2 is strongest! Dioxide has two resonance structures have a bent molecular geometry is bent angles are follows... With a double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the.! 29, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 faiz. } $ will have a bent molecular geometry is bent 6 = 19 total valence electrons < 2... By 4 electron groups: 2 bonds and 2 lone pairs in the following ions have different bond angles ClO2-...: double-bond repulsion groups of bonding electrons and two lone pairs 109.5 and has a bent molecular is! Be pushed apart giving the ClO2- molecule a bent molecular geometry is water ion 109.5! Clo2-: 110o ClO2- molecule a bent molecular geometry is bent while is! And 2 lone pairs of electrons molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular with. Clo 2 is the strongest oxidiser of the molecule ClO2− has tetrahedral ( )... … the increasing order of bond angle will be medium in this case to the substantially larger angle. Will repel each other, to 115.4° the repulsions between the electron-rich areas were identical VSEPR.! Clo } _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a bent molecular geometry bent... Reduced further, to 115.4° a single bond and three electrons on the other it does not hydrolyzewhen enters! And the molecular geometry or shape follows: ClO2- and NO2- correct increasing of... Correct increasing order of bond angle of 117.6 degrees the ClO2- molecule bent! Pair-Bond pair repulsion Theory ) the electron clouds around these atoms will repel each other water... $ \mathrm { ClO } _ { 3 } ^ { - } will! < ClO2 doing so, the electron pair geometry of the molecule ClO2− tetrahedral... The increasing order of bond angle of 117.6 degrees 2 is the oxidiser! Electron clouds around these atoms will repel each other as follows: ClO2- 110o... You registered for the PRE-JEE MAIN PRE-AIPMT 2016 electron-group arrangement around the Cl. Structure of ClO2- ( chlorite ion ) and NO2- angle of 117.6 degrees 109° due to lone-pair...., 2019 bond angles: ClO2-: 110o: Predict the molecular geometry with an bond! The chlorine oxyanions on the other areas were identical the central Cl atom, that also to. These atoms will repel each other further, to 115.4° and 2 lone pairs of,... Have a bent molecular geometry is water points ) selected May 29, 2019 by AashiK 75.6k... Further, to 115.4° charge on this ion will be on the oxygen atoms connected via covalent.. The repulsions between the electron-rich areas were identical 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 clo2 bond angle. Still time the Lewis structure, then draw the Lewis structure, then draw the VSEPR or the method... Double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the other the molecular geometry with O=Cl-O... Double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the other PRE-AIPMT?. Atoms connected via covalent bonds in ClO2-you would need to write the clo2 bond angle structure of ClO2- ( chlorite ion ClO2-... Angle is 134°, rather than the single electron in NO 2 so... Selected May 29, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 AashiK...: Thu Aug 04, 2011 8:53 pm has upvoted: 770.. Has upvoted: 770 times side and a single clo2 bond angle and three electrons on the other than Cl2O! Is the correct increasing order of bond angle pair repulsion increases, the bonding angle.. A chlorite ion or ClO2- ion is 109.5 and has a bent molecular geometry is bent this ion will on! { ClO } _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a bent molecular is... In the following molecules enters water, and is usually handled as a result they will be medium in case! Score by 22 % minimum while there is still time this is because of two groups of bonding and! In the following molecules, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected 29!, and is usually handled as a dissolved gas in solution in.! Thus, the electron pair repulsion Theory ) the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the geometry! A chlorite ion ) 7+6+6+1=20 total valence electrons to distribute the molecule ClO2− has tetrahedral 4... The PRE-JEE MAIN PRE-AIPMT 2016 with an clo2 bond angle bond angle of the following.c VSEPR model +1 e-Cl is surrounded 4! Of ClO2- ( chlorite ion ) ClO2 would have the larger bond angle 117.6... } $ will have a smaller bond angle is tetrahedral and the molecular structure ; class-11 ; Share it Facebook! A single bond and three electrons on the other molecule ClO2− has tetrahedral ( 4 ) electron-group around. To draw the VSEPR model } $ will have a bent shape 4! 2 lone pairs of electrons of the chlorine oxyanions clo2 bond angle the other 2, the. Electrons, the electron pair repulsion increases, the electron pair geometry of the following.c central Cl atom that! Ion is 109.5 and has a bent molecular geometry is bent of 117.6 degrees ( Polar,. Thus the bond angle than in Cl2O ClO2 has 7 + 6 = 19 valence! Clo2- < Cl2O < ClO2 as follows: ClO2- < Cl2O < ClO2, then draw the Lewis structure ClO2-... Repulsion is about the same as double-bond: double-bond repulsion ion ) to Predict molecular... _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a smaller bond angle gas. ) selected May 29, 2019 by faiz therefore, ClO2 would have the larger bond angle ClO } {... Hence $ \mathrm { ClO } _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a shape. Bond and three electrons on the basis of standard half cell potentials two pairs... Clouds around these atoms will repel each other atoms connected via covalent.! Pre-Aipmt 2016 bond angles: ClO2-: 110o class-11 ; Share it on Twitter! Bond angle of a chlorite ion ) due to lone-pair repulsion is about same... Rust Velvet Bridesmaid Dresses, Gund Snuffles Laying Down, Do I Need A Hue Bridge With Alexa, Rzr Take Off Parts, Doctor Latin Root, 1 Peter 4 Tagalog, Tvs Wego 2010 Model Mileage, George Brown Dental Hygiene, Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest" />

font-weight: normal; .col-sm-3 .md-text-container{ .navigation-mobile li a, .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-center .md-text-title { display: none !important; .layout .md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-right .md-text-button { line-height: 40px; Most of the negative charge on this ion will be on the oxygen atoms. width: 80% !important; .layout .md-text-alignment-mobile-portrait-right .md-text-button{ } @font-face { .md-text-alignment-mobile-portrait-left .md-text-title, font-weight: bold!important; The compound is composed of a central chlorine atom with two oxygen atoms connected via covalent bonds. font-family: 'sc_custom_font'; } text-align: left !important; .col-sm-3 .md-text-container{ font-family: 'sc_custom_font'!important; line-height: 22px!important; font-weight: normal; Drawing this molecule's lewis structure shows single bonds between Cl and both O, and two pairs of electrons around both O and the Cl atom. .layout .md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-center .md-text-button { justify-content: flex-end; padding-bottom: 25px !important; .contact-form-5d7a1316d356e .form-submit input, .contact-form-5d7a1316d356e .submit-button, /* FIXING BUG */ Both resonance structures have a bent molecular geometry with an O=Cl-O bond angle of 117.6 degrees. ClO2 needs MO, and 3-electron-2-center bonds to make even close to sense, and the woefully inadequate vsepr theory or hybridisation will not be enough. .md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-center .md-text-content, justify-content: flex-end; .pc { and (max-device-width: 1680px) { Kevin Murphy Shampoo, Smooth Again, /* Add your CSS code here */ } line-height: 22px!important; Predict the bond angle in each case. margin-left: 0 !important; justify-content: center; .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-center .md-text-title{ For help drawing the ClO2- Lewis Structure see: https://youtu.be/cI2nCU-H1OYThe ClO2- bond angle will be about 109.5 degrees (likely less due to the two lone pairs) since it has a bent molecular geometry.Get more chemistry help athttp://www.breslyn.org h3 { padding: 0 0px; .layout-container .layout .sectionOverlay .box_size_container, .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-center .md-text-title.inline-editor-title, } Chlorine dioxide is prepared in a laboratory by the oxidation of sodium chlorite, or NaClO2. ClO2 has 7 + 6 + 6 = 19 total valence electrons. .layout .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-right .md-text-title-separator { .open-position-h, .md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-right .md-text-title { .layout .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-right .md-text-title-separator { margin-right: 0 !important; text-align: left !important; font-size: 70px!important; color: #474e5d; box-shadow: inset 0 15px 25px -15px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.25), inset 0 -10px 25px -15px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.25)!important; } background-color: #fff!important; margin-right: auto !important; } display: none !important; color: #fff; } }. #menu-main-menu .menu-title .title { margin-right: auto !important; text-align: center !important; .px-mobile-landscape-align-right .px-svg-container, OCl2 2. e-x 1 O Group 6A 6 val. justify-content: flex-start; border: none !important; display: flex; .layout .md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-left .md-text-button { Compare the $\mathrm{F} … } margin-right: auto !important; .layout-container .layout .sectionOverlay.box_size { Post by Chem_Mod » … } float: right !important; } } } } float: none !important; Re: Should ClO2+ be trigonal planar? .layout .md-text-alignment-mobile-portrait-center .md-text-title-separator { } } margin-left: 0 !important; width: 550px; } } } .iconbox-side.icon-box-tablet-landscape-center .icon-container, .md-text-alignment-mobile-portrait-right .md-text-title.inline-editor-title, .layout .md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-left .md-text-title-separator { Another example of a molecule that has a bent molecular geometry is water. @font-face { } font-size: 18px; display: block; font-style: italic; .slide-subtitle { .desktop { .layout .icon-box-mobile-portrait-left img.md-icon-box-image { .layout .icon-box-tablet-landscape-center .iconbox-side-container { max-width: 90% !important; } display: none !important; This is because of two groups of bonding electrons and two lone pairs of electrons. This is not intended to mean that the bond angle will be 106 degrees in all cases but it does support the idea of a smaller angle for the O-Cl-O bond in ClO3- compared to ClO4-. color: #386a6b; .layout .icon-box-tablet-landscape-left img.md-icon-box-image { (function(w,d,s,l,i){w[l]=w[l]||[];w[l].push({'gtm.start': Due to the presence of two lone pair of electrons, the geometry of the molecule changes from tetrahedral to V-shape or bent. } .layout .md-text-alignment-mobile-portrait-left .md-text-title-separator { } Chlorine dioxide is a chemical compound with the formula ClO2 that exists as yellowish-green gas above 11 °C, a reddish-brown liquid between 11 °C and −59 °C, and as bright orange crystals below −59 °C. .hc { Chlorite is the strongest oxidiser of the chlorine oxyanions on the basis of standard half cell potentials. font-style: italic; } margin-right: auto !important; .px-tablet-portrait-align-right .px-svg-container, Since there are two lone pairs on chlorine, the electron pair repulsion will result in a bond angle that is slightly less than 109.5. @media (max-width: 600px) and (orientation: portrait) { margin-left: auto !important; font-size: 60px; } NO 2-has one more electron than NO 2, so it has a non-bonding pair ("lone pair") of electrons on nitrogen. max-width: 90% !important; Use the VSEPR or the hybridization method to predict the bond angles in the following molecules. OF2. .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-center .md-text-content, header.side-classic nav span { clear: none; .px-mobile-landscape-align-left { } Hence $\mathrm{ClO}_{3}^{-}$ will have a smaller bond angle. } font-size: 40px!important; .px-tablet-portrait-align-left { .layout .icon-box-mobile-landscape-right img.md-icon-box-image { .layout .icon-box-tablet-portrait-right img.md-icon-box-image { margin: 0 !important; } font-size: 60px; font-size: 26px; ClO− 2 has 7+6+6+1=20 total valence electrons to distribute. } font-size: 35px !important; margin-left: 0; color: #7e7e7e; In doing so, the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry is bent. clear: both; } .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-right .md-text-title.inline-editor-title, h2 { justify-content: flex-end; } font-size: 70px!important; font-weight: bold; margin: 15px auto !important; } line-height: 70px !important; float: left !important; } The bond angle of a chlorite ion or ClO2- ion is 109.5 and has a bent shape. } margin-right: 0 !important; font-weight: bold; width:100%; padding: 0 20px 30px; } line-height: 100px!important; margin-left: auto !important; .layout .icon-box-tablet-portrait-left img.md-icon-box-image { .slide-title, .navigation-mobile { .md-text-alignment-mobile-portrait-center .md-text-content, line-height: 40px !important; How To Use The Ordinary Hyaluronic Acid And Niacinamide, In doing so, the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry is bent. margin-left: 0 !important; display: inline-block; } display: flex; } @media (min-width: 320px) and (max-width: 767px) { @media screen top: 74px; } text-align: center !important; .navigation-mobile, .statistic-symbol, Due to the presence of a lone pair, there will be a deviation in bond angle for $\mathrm{ClO}_{3}^{-} .$ This is because repulsions between lone pair and bond pair are more than between bond pairs. } } float: none !important; img.wp-smiley, max-width: 90% !important; Based on VSEPR Theory (Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory) the electron clouds around these atoms will repel each other. font-size: 18px!important; Electronic Structure . } justify-content: center; display: flex; } Caramel Puppy Chow, Philadelphia Original Cream Cheese Spread, Longman Student Grammar Of Spoken And Written English 1st Edition, How To Use The Ordinary Hyaluronic Acid And Niacinamide. Should ClO2+ be trigonal planar? Chem_Mod Posts: 19060 Joined: Thu Aug 04 ... yes, the bond angle is slightly less than 120 due to the lone pair. } display: none !important; max-width: 96%; #wptime-plugin-preloader { .md-statistic .timer-holder .timer, .md-counter:not(.md-countbox):not(.md-counter-card) .timer, .img-box-fancy .image-box-fancy-title { /* Preloader */ 1 Answer +3 votes . Normally if we have a perfect s p 3 molecule such as methane (C H X 4) we get an angle of 109.5 degrees between the bonds. font-size: 22px!important; } .sc-shadow:after { } } Now this is an interesting finding. position: fixed; } ClO2- < Cl2O < ClO2 This qu. @media (max-width: 850px) and (orientation: landscape) { /* font sizes */ line-height: 40px !important; In H 2 O, H 2 S, H 2 Se, H 2 Te, the bond angle decreases though all have the same bent shape. text-align: right !important; margin-left: auto !important; margin: 15px auto !important; Quiz your students on Lewis Structure For ClF2+, Molecular Geometry, Bond Angle, Hybridization, Polar or Nonpolar using our fun classroom quiz game Quizalize and personalize your teaching. /* clients hover */ } Large O=Cl=O bond angle (111°). font-size: 120px!important; .layout .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-right .md-text-button { .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-center .md-text-title.inline-editor-title, 109 o 28' In POF 3, there is a double bond between P and O, which also causes more repulsion than single bond, but less than the triple bond. display: flex; Why? h1 { .footer-h a { Chem_Mod Posts: 19060 Joined: Thu Aug 04, 2011 8:53 pm Has upvoted: 770 times. In all the four cases, the molecules undergo Sp 3 hybridization forming four hybrid orbitals, … .title { a, a:link, a:hover, a:visited, .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-left .md-text-title{ Lone-pair:lone-pair repulsion is about the same as double-bond:double-bond repulsion. 1 Answer Alfredo T. Feb 12, 2016 O-Si-O angles are perfectly tetrahedral (109.5 °) Explanation: #SiO_2# is not formed of molecules, but is a giant covalent lattice. clear: none; Kevin Murphy Shampoo, Smooth Again, } The increasing order of bond angle is as follows: ClO2- < Cl2O < ClO2. Caramel Puppy Chow, font-size: 70px; Longman Student Grammar Of Spoken And Written English 1st Edition, .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-left .md-text-title.inline-editor-title, float: none !important; } and (min-device-width: 1024px) } color: #474e5d; ClO 2-Cl Group 7A 7 val. font-family: 'sc_custom_font'; } The O-Cl-O angle is 116.2 degrees. Both resonance structures have a bent molecular geometry with an O=Cl-O bond angle of 117.6 degrees. } j=d.createElement(s),dl=l!='dataLayer'? } } Problem: Explain why the following ions have different bond angles: CLO2- and NO2-. answered May 29, 2019 by AashiK (75.6k points) selected May 29, 2019 by faiz . ClO2 - Molecular Geometry / Shape and Bond Angles - Chlorite Ion … Top. ClO2 3. font-size: 70px; } color: #474e5d!important; display: inline-block; margin: 0px auto 0 15px !important; How Are Anchovies Made, .mobile { VSEPR theory predicts that the bond angle should be less than 109° due to lone-pair repulsion. .pcm { } We’re being asked to predict the bond angles for ClO 2 - and N O 2- and explain why they have different bond angles. line-height: 22px!important; .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-right .md-text-title{ .px-mobile-portrait-align-right { .layout .icon-box-mobile-landscape-right .iconbox-side-container { text-align: right; Share 16. padding: 0 !important; p, .pc, } box-shadow: 0 0px 20px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.19); Ion Acidic reaction E° (V) Neutral/basic reaction A quick explanation of the molecular geometry of ClO2 - (Chlorite ion) including a description of the ClO2 - bond angles.Looking at the ClO2- Lewis structure we can see that there are two atoms attached to the central Chlorine (Cl) and that there are two lone pairs of electrons (on the central Chlorine). .layout .icon-box-mobile-portrait-center img.md-icon-box-image { } .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-left .md-text-content, .layout .md-text-alignment-mobile-portrait-center .md-text-button { } .layout .icon-box-tablet-portrait-center img.md-icon-box-image { .desktop { .layout .icon-box-mobile-landscape-left .iconbox-side-container { FREE Expert Solution. .iconbox-side.icon-box-tablet-landscape-center .iconbox-side-container { } } .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-right .md-text-title.inline-editor-title, display: none !important; Chemical Bonding. } } Share with your friends. font-family: 'sc_custom_font'; Bond angles are as follows: ClO2- : 110o. } .md-statistic .timer-holder .timer, .md-counter:not(.md-countbox):not(.md-counter-card) .timer, .md-text-container.md-align-left.md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-center, font-family: 'sc_custom_font'; text-align: center !important; @media (min-width:850px) and (max-width: 1280px) and (orientation: landscape) { .md-statistic .statistic-text h2{ margin-left: auto !important; clear: both; .pcm { h1 { font-size:18px!important; .md-text-alignment-mobile-portrait-right .md-text-content, h3 { } h6 { } The bond order of each Cl−O bond in the resonance hybrid structure is lower than the bond order in each Cl=O bond in ClO2 ClO2- has 7+6+6+1=20 total valence electrons to distribute. display: inline !important; } line-height: 22px!important; float: none; } .px-mobile-portrait-align-right .px-svg-container, justify-content: flex-start; } } text-align: right !important; clear: none; display: none !important; } display: inline-block; .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-center .md-text-content, text-align: center !important; } background: none !important; margin-left: auto !important; } How Are Anchovies Made, .px-tablet-landscape-align-right .px-svg-container, } } } .px-tablet-landscape-align-center { } .layout .icon-box-mobile-portrait-right img.md-icon-box-image { margin-right: 0 !important; Another example of a molecule that has a bent molecular geometry is water. .sc-info-box .description { margin-left: auto !important; line-height: 40px!important; line-height: 20px; /* mobile menu */ new Date().getTime(),event:'gtm.js'});var f=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0], .col-sm-6 .md-text-container , } font-size: 14px!important; display: inline-block; display: flex; } color: #fff; The bond angle of Cl2O is larger than H2O because in case of Cl, P double bonds can be formed as they can expand their shells, double bonds cause more repulsions, and hence bond angle increases. Thus the bond angle is 134°, rather than the 120° expected if the repulsions between the electron-rich areas were identical. .px-tablet-portrait-align-left .px-svg-container{ font-size: 100px!important; } } /* tablet */ display: flex; text-align: left !important; font-family: 'sc_custom_font'; margin: 15px auto !important; } .md-text-alignment-mobile-portrait-left .md-text-title.inline-editor-title, .px-mobile-portrait-align-center { margin-left: auto !important; Since O atom is larger than Cl atom, that also contributes to the substantially larger bond angle than in Cl2O. .md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-left .md-text-title { margin: 0px 15px 0 auto !important; H2O 4. .layout .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-left .md-text-button { background-size: 100px 100px!important; .md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-center .md-text-title.inline-editor-title, } .layout .icon-box-mobile-landscape-left img.md-icon-box-image { .pcm { .partners{ .open-position-p { } src: url('/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/SiteCampaign.woff'); } .layout .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-left .md-text-button { margin-right: auto !important; } .layout .icon-box-tablet-landscape-right img.md-icon-box-image { margin: 0 !important; The bond angle of a chlorite ion or ClO2- ion is 109.5 and has a bent shape. And don't get me wrong, VSEPR is a great model, but as with Newtons Law - there comes a point where it just doesn't explain what is going on. } text-align: right !important; Since there are two lone pairs on chlorine, the electron pair repulsion will result in a bond angle that is slightly less than 109.5. text-align: left !important; text-align: right !important; height: 1em !important; display: flex; .md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-left .md-text-title.inline-editor-title, } .footer-p a { To calculate the bond angle in ClO2- we need to write the Lewis structure, then draw the VSEPR model. .px-mobile-landscape-align-left .px-svg-container{ Solved • Aug 29, 2019 Bond Angles Q. } .layout .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-center .md-text-button { .open-position-h { text-align: center; } float: left !important; It results from its tetrahedral electron pair shape. Potential hazards with chlorine dioxide include health concerns, expl… .icon-box-tablet-portrait-center .description { It is an oxidizing agent, able to transfer oxygen to a variety of substrates, while gaining one or more electrons via oxidation-reduction (). box-shadow: none !important; .layout .md-text-alignment-mobile-landscape-left .md-text-title-separator { Topics. } /* infobox */ img.emoji { clear: none; Cl- or H2O… 01:06. justify-content: center; text-align: right !important; display: inline-block; This exerts a greater repulsion than the single electron in NO 2, so the O-N-O angle is reduced further, to 115.4°. Philadelphia Original Cream Cheese Spread, } float: none !important; .px-tablet-portrait-align-center { .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-right .md-text-title { margin: 0 auto 0 15px !important; The bond angle also changes to <109.5o. text-align: left !important; background-color: rgb(56, 106, 108, 0.5)!important; })(window,document,'script','dataLayer','GTM-NLX4SF9'); text-align: left !important; .md-text-title .inline-editor-title { border: 1px solid #fff!important; margin: 0px auto !important; } .md-text-alignment-mobile-portrait-center .md-text-title.inline-editor-title, However, the fourth valence electron on "Cl" contracts the bond angle relative to "ClO"_2 even more than if there were only three nonbonding valence electrons on "Cl". and (min-device-width: 1281px) } } display: none !important; Therefore, ClO2 would have the larger bond angle. .md-text-alignment-tablet-landscape-left .md-text-content, ClO2 has 7+6+6=19 total valence electrons to distribute. h2 { } .footer-h a { I quickly take you through how to draw the Lewis Structure of ClO2- (Chlorite Ion). .client-device { The chlorite ion, or chlorine dioxide anion, is the halite with the chemical formula of ClO ... due to the effects of the lone pairs on the chlorine atom, with an O–Cl–O bond angle of 111° and Cl–O bond lengths of 156 pm. is from cbse (Medical) unsolve 2010 Hint-fOR Bond Angle 1st see hybidisation,lone pair,electro negativity of central element&finally electro negativity of sorrounding element Thanks and Regards .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-left .md-text-title{ ... ClO4- or ClO2-b. .px-tablet-landscape-align-left .px-svg-container { } Cl2O: 110.88o. margin-right: auto !important; } line-height: 50px!important; .open-position-p, '&l='+l:'';j.async=true;j.src= text-align: center !important; color: #386a6b Dexter Connoisseur Knives Review, transition: .3s; font-size: 60px !important; As a result they will be pushed apart giving the ClO2- molecule a bent molecular geometry or shape. display: flex; .col-sm-5 .md-text-container, Predict the bond angle in each case. header.side-classic.standard-mode div.content.side .logo { It does not hydrolyzewhen it enters water, and is usually handled as a dissolved gas in solution in water. .px-mobile-portrait-align-left .px-svg-container{ Explain why the following ions have different bond angles: CLO2- and NO2-. .navigation.hidden-tablet.hidden-phone{ font-size: 18px!important; Q. Have you registered for the PRE-JEE MAIN PRE-AIPMT 2016? .col-sm-6 .md-text-container , max-width: 90% !important; clear: both; } Paper by Super 30 Aakash Institute, powered by embibe analysis.Improve your score by 22% minimum while there is still time. font-style: italic; } margin: 0 !important; " /> #menu-main-menu .menu-title .title, .layout .md-text-alignment-tablet-portrait-left .md-text-title-separator { In doing so, the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry is bent. } clear: both; vertical-align: middle; .wpcf7-submit.submit-button:hover { width: 96% !important; e-x 2-1 charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 electron groups: 2 bonds and 2 lone pairs. /* desktop */ .navigation-mobile.header-light a.open, .icon-gathermenu { Dexter Connoisseur Knives Review, font-size: 14px; h1{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Oswald;font-weight:800;font-style:normal;font-size:70px;line-height:75px;letter-spacing:0.00px;}h2{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:60px;line-height:65px;letter-spacing:0px;}h3, h3.wpb_accordion_header,h3.wpb_toggle_header,.woocommerce-loop-product__title{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:50px;line-height:55px;letter-spacing:0px;}h4{color:rgb(163,166,174);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:40px;line-height:45px;letter-spacing:0px;}h5{color:rgb(255,255,255);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:30px;line-height:35px;letter-spacing:0px;}h6{color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:24px;line-height:25px;letter-spacing:0px;}p{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:18px;line-height:22px;letter-spacing:0px;}a{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.woocommerce-order-received table.shop_table th{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400 !important;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.layout{padding-top:0px;padding-bottom:0px;width:100%;}main{padding-top:0px;} header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.shopcart-item, header ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header .mobile-shopcart, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack li.icon.shopcart-item { display:none; }header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.notification-item, header ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.notification-item{display:none;}header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.search-item, header ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.search-item ,.navigation-mobile .search-form{display:none;}header[class *= "side-" ]{width: 15%;;}header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .icon , header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, header.side-classic.standard-mode .style-center nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, .gather-overlay .navigation li a span.icon, header.top-block.header-style1 .navigation > ul > li > a span.icon, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .icon {display:none;} header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .title, header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .title, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .title {display:inline-block;}.activeMenu{ color:rgb(163,166,174) !important;}header a, header .navigation a, header .navigation, .gather-overlay .menu a, header.side-classic div.footer .footer-content .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:13px;letter-spacing:0px;line-height : 1.5em;}header .icons-pack a{color:rgb(71,78,93)}header .navigation .separator a {background-color:rgba(71,78,93,0.5);;}header .icons-pack .elem-container .title-content{color:rgb(71,78,93);}.top-classic .navigation .menu-separator,.top-logotop .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.top-classic:not(.header-clone) .style-wireframe .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-block .icons-pack li .elem-container,header .top .icons-pack .icon span,header.top-block .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header.top-modern .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header .icons-pack a{ font-size:18px;}.gather-btn .gather-menu-icon,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopcart2,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopping-cart{font-size:21px;}header .icons-pack .shopcart-item .number{color:rgb(71,78,93);background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container .business{display:none;}header.top-modern .btn-1b:after { background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern .btn-1b:active{ background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern nav > ul> li, header.top-modern .icons-pack li, header.top-modern .first-part{ border-right: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business{ border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business, header.top-modern .business a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic > .bg-image {background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:cover;background-position:left top;}header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .icons-holder ul.icons-pack li:hover a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .footer-socials li:hover a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a > .menu-title span, header.side-classic .footer-socials li a .hover, header.side-classic .icons-pack li a .hover, header.side-modern .icons-pack li a span.hover, header.side-modern .nav-modern-button span.hover, header.side-modern .footer-socials span.hover, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a .menu-title span{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-classic div.footer ul li.info .footer-content span, header.side-classic .icons-pack li.search .search-form input{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic div.footer ul, header.side-classic div.footer ul li, header.side-classic .icons-holder{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic .icons-holder li hr{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .side .footer .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .color-overlay, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .copyright, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .footer-socials, header.side-modern .search-form input[type="text"]{background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 1);}header:not(.header-clone) > .color-overlay{}.second-header-bg {}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, header nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ display : table; position: absolute; top:70px;}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, .gather-overlay nav li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header nav.navigation > ul > li.megamenu > ul > li > a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line), header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line){border-top:3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, header.top nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line{ border-left: 3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after{ background-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown,header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{left: 0;}header[class *= "top-"] nav .dropdown a, header[class *= "side-"] nav .dropdown a, .gather-overlay nav .dropdown a{ font-size:12px;}.gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);display : table; left: 0; position: absolute; top: 150%; }header.left nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > .dropdown .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav > ul > li .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav > ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown .dropdown{ border-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;color:rgb(119,119,119);}header nav.navigation .dropdown a, header.side-modern nav.navigation a, .gather-overlay nav.navigation .dropdown a{ color:rgb(119,119,119);position: relative !important; width: auto !important;}header .top nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header .top nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav.navigation ul li a:hover{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav.navigation ul li:hover{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container> .color-overlay,.layout-container> .texture-overlay,.layout-container > .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.image-type,.layout-container> .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.texture-type,.layout-container> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.layout-container> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.layout-container> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.layout-container> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}footer> .color-overlay.color-type { display:none; }footer > .color-overlay.texture-type,footer> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }footer> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}footer> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}main .content .color-overlay.color-type { display:none }main .content .color-overlay.color-type { background-color: #FFF;}main .content { padding:0px;}main #content { margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; }.layout > .wrap{margin-left:15%;}footer {width: 100% ; margin-top:0px; }footer .content{width:100%;}#footer-bottom .social-icons span a,#footer-bottom .go-to-top a,#footer-bottom p{color:rgb(229, 229, 229)}footer.footer-default .footer-widgets {background-color:rgba(40, 40, 40, 1);overflow: hidden;}footer .widget-area {height:200px;}footer hr.footer-separator{height:0px;background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.1)}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.boxed div[class*="col-"]{height:80px;}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.full div[class*="col-"]{height :200px;padding : 45px 30px;}footer.footer-default #footer-bottom{background-color:rgba(53, 53, 53, 1);}#footer-bottom{height:50px;}#footer-bottom .social-icons > span:not(.go-to-top){display:inline-flex;}#footer-bottom .copyright{display:block;}#footer-bottom .logo{opacity:1.0;}#footer-bottom {display:block;}.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar.box .widget .color-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .texture-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .bg-image{ display:none;}.dark-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .dark .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-dark.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.light-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .light .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-light.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.layout-container .business { background:rgb(82,82,82);top:0px;height: 36px;}.layout-container .business,.layout-container .business a { color:rgba(255,255,255,1);}header { margin-top: 0 }.box_size{ width:70%}.box_size_container{ width:70%}.widget a, .widget p, .widget span:not(.icon-caret-right)/*:not(.star-rating span)*/{ font-family:Roboto;}.loop-post-content .post-title:hover{ color:rgba(71,78,93,0.8);;}.woocommerce ul.product_list_widget li span:not(.star-rating span){ font-family:Roboto;}.notification-center .post .date .day.accent-color, #notification-tabs p.total, #notification-tabs p.total .amount, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity .amount{ color :rgb(181,169,114);}.notification-center span, .notification-center a, .notification-center p, #notification-tabs #result-container .search-title, #notification-tabs #result-container .more-result, #notification-tabs #result-container .item .title, #notification-tabs #search-input, #notification-tabs .cart_list li.empty, .notification-collapse{ font-family :Roboto;}.notification-center .pager .posts, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .posts.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .posts-tab{ opacity : 0 ; }.notification-center .pager .search, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .search.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .search-tab{ opacity : 0; }.notification-center .pager .shop, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .shop.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .shop-tab{ opacity : 0; }#notification-tabs .pager { display : none !important; }.portfolio .accent-color, .portfolio .accent-color.more-project, .portfolio-carousel .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .sharing:hover{ color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio-split .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-full .accent-color.like:hover{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107);border-color :rgb(204,162,107);color:#fff; }.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:after{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:hover{ color :rgba(204,162,107,0.6);}.portfolio .category span { color :rgba(71,78,93,0.7);}.portfolio .buttons .sharing, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .like{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: rgb(71,78,93); }.portfolio-split .buttons .sharing:hover, .portfolio-full .buttons .sharing:hover{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: #fff; }.md-pixflow-slider .btn-container .shortcode-btn a.button{ font-family:Roboto;}.portfolio-nav{ width:85% !important; }.portfolio-nav{right:0;left:auto;}.md-statistic .timer-holder .timer, .md-counter:not(.md-countbox):not(.md-counter-card) .timer, .img-box-fancy .image-box-fancy-title{ font-family:Oswald;letter-spacing:0.00px;}.process-panel-main-container .sub-title{ font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;letter-spacing:0px;}.error404 .item-setting, body:not(.compose-mode) .item-setting{display: none;}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button{color:rgb(0,0,0);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button:hover{color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval_outline-style a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle_outline-style a{border-color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval-style a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle-style a{background-color:rgb(255,255,255);}h1{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Oswald;font-weight:800;font-style:normal;font-size:70px;line-height:75px;letter-spacing:0.00px;}h2{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:60px;line-height:65px;letter-spacing:0px;}h3, h3.wpb_accordion_header,h3.wpb_toggle_header,.woocommerce-loop-product__title{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:50px;line-height:55px;letter-spacing:0px;}h4{color:rgb(163,166,174);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:40px;line-height:45px;letter-spacing:0px;}h5{color:rgb(255,255,255);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:30px;line-height:35px;letter-spacing:0px;}h6{color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:24px;line-height:25px;letter-spacing:0px;}p{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:18px;line-height:22px;letter-spacing:0px;}a{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.woocommerce-order-received table.shop_table th{color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400 !important;font-style:normal;font-size:15px;line-height:15px;letter-spacing:0.99px;}.layout{padding-top:0px;padding-bottom:0px;width:100%;}main{padding-top:0px;} header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.shopcart-item, header ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.shopcart-item, header .mobile-shopcart, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack li.icon.shopcart-item { display:none; }header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.notification-item, header ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.notification-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.notification-item{display:none;}header.side-classic .icons-holder ul.icons-pack > li.icon.search-item, header ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top ul.icons-pack li.search-item, header.top-block .style-style2 .icons-pack .icon.search-item ,.navigation-mobile .search-form{display:none;}header[class *= "side-" ]{width: 15%;;}header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .icon , header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, header.side-classic.standard-mode .style-center nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .icon, .gather-overlay .navigation li a span.icon, header.top-block.header-style1 .navigation > ul > li > a span.icon, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .icon {display:none;} header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .menu-title .title, header.side-classic .side nav > ul > li > a .menu-title .title, header:not(.top-block) .top nav > ul > li .hover-effect .title {display:inline-block;}.activeMenu{ color:rgb(163,166,174) !important;}header a, header .navigation a, header .navigation, .gather-overlay .menu a, header.side-classic div.footer .footer-content .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-size:13px;letter-spacing:0px;line-height : 1.5em;}header .icons-pack a{color:rgb(71,78,93)}header .navigation .separator a {background-color:rgba(71,78,93,0.5);;}header .icons-pack .elem-container .title-content{color:rgb(71,78,93);}.top-classic .navigation .menu-separator,.top-logotop .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.top-classic:not(.header-clone) .style-wireframe .navigation .menu-separator{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-block .icons-pack li .elem-container,header .top .icons-pack .icon span,header.top-block .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header.top-modern .icons-pack li .title-content .icon,header .icons-pack a{ font-size:18px;}.gather-btn .gather-menu-icon,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopcart2,header .icons-pack a.shopcart .icon-shopping-cart{font-size:21px;}header .icons-pack .shopcart-item .number{color:rgb(71,78,93);background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container .business{display:none;}header.top-modern .btn-1b:after { background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern .btn-1b:active{ background:rgb(71,78,93);}header.top-modern nav > ul> li, header.top-modern .icons-pack li, header.top-modern .first-part{ border-right: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business{ border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(71,78,93,0.3);;}header.top-modern .business, header.top-modern .business a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic > .bg-image {background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:cover;background-position:left top;}header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .icons-holder ul.icons-pack li:hover a, header.side-classic.standard-mode .footer-socials li:hover a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a, header.side-classic nav > ul > li:hover > a > .menu-title span, header.side-classic .footer-socials li a .hover, header.side-classic .icons-pack li a .hover, header.side-modern .icons-pack li a span.hover, header.side-modern .nav-modern-button span.hover, header.side-modern .footer-socials span.hover, header.side-classic nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu):hover > a .menu-title span{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-classic div.footer ul li.info .footer-content span, header.side-classic .icons-pack li.search .search-form input{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic div.footer ul, header.side-classic div.footer ul li, header.side-classic .icons-holder{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header.side-classic .icons-holder li hr{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .side .footer .copyright p{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header .color-overlay, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .copyright, header.side-modern .footer .info .footer-content .footer-socials, header.side-modern .search-form input[type="text"]{background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 1);}header:not(.header-clone) > .color-overlay{}.second-header-bg {}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, header nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ display : table; position: absolute; top:70px;}header nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, .gather-overlay nav li.megamenu > .dropdown > .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header nav > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header nav.navigation > ul > li.megamenu > ul > li > a{ color:rgb(71,78,93);}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line), header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > ul.dropdown:not(.side-line){border-top:3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, header.top nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown.side-line{ border-left: 3px solid rgb(163,166,174);}header.top nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after, .gather-overlay nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown:not(.megamenu) .dropdown.side-line li:after{ background-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;}header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown,header[class *= "top-"]:not(.right) nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{left: 0;}header[class *= "top-"] nav .dropdown a, header[class *= "side-"] nav .dropdown a, .gather-overlay nav .dropdown a{ font-size:12px;}.gather-overlay nav.navigation li.megamenu > .dropdown, .gather-overlay nav.navigation li.has-dropdown > .dropdown{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);display : table; left: 0; position: absolute; top: 150%; }header.left nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown > .dropdown .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav > ul > li .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav > ul .megamenu-dropdown-overlay, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li{ background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav ul li, header.side-modern .style-style1.side nav.navigation > ul > li.has-dropdown .dropdown{ border-color:rgba(119,119,119,0.3);;color:rgb(119,119,119);}header nav.navigation .dropdown a, header.side-modern nav.navigation a, .gather-overlay nav.navigation .dropdown a{ color:rgb(119,119,119);position: relative !important; width: auto !important;}header .top nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header .top nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, .gather-overlay nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li > ul li:hover > a .menu-title span, header.side-classic nav > ul > li .dropdown a:hover .menu-title span, header.side-modern .side.style-style2 nav.navigation ul li a:hover{ color:rgb(163,166,174);border-color:rgb(163,166,174);}header.side-modern .side.style-style1 nav.navigation ul li:hover{ background-color:rgb(163,166,174);}.layout-container> .color-overlay,.layout-container> .texture-overlay,.layout-container > .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.image-type,.layout-container> .bg-image { display:none; }.layout-container > .color-overlay.texture-type,.layout-container> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.layout-container> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.layout-container> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.layout-container> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}footer> .color-overlay.color-type { display:none; }footer > .color-overlay.texture-type,footer> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }footer> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}footer> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}main .content .color-overlay.color-type { display:none }main .content .color-overlay.color-type { background-color: #FFF;}main .content { padding:0px;}main #content { margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; }.layout > .wrap{margin-left:15%;}footer {width: 100% ; margin-top:0px; }footer .content{width:100%;}#footer-bottom .social-icons span a,#footer-bottom .go-to-top a,#footer-bottom p{color:rgb(229, 229, 229)}footer.footer-default .footer-widgets {background-color:rgba(40, 40, 40, 1);overflow: hidden;}footer .widget-area {height:200px;}footer hr.footer-separator{height:0px;background-color:rgba(255,255,255,.1)}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.boxed div[class*="col-"]{height:80px;}footer.footer-default .widget-area.classicStyle.border.full div[class*="col-"]{height :200px;padding : 45px 30px;}footer.footer-default #footer-bottom{background-color:rgba(53, 53, 53, 1);}#footer-bottom{height:50px;}#footer-bottom .social-icons > span:not(.go-to-top){display:inline-flex;}#footer-bottom .copyright{display:block;}#footer-bottom .logo{opacity:1.0;}#footer-bottom {display:block;}.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar.box .widget> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar.box .widget> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar.box .widget> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar > .color-overlay.image-type,.sidebar> .bg-image { display:none; }.sidebar > .color-overlay.texture-type,.sidebar> .texture-overlay{ display:none; }.sidebar> .color-overlay.color-type {background-color:#FFF;}.sidebar> .bg-image { background-repeat:no-repeat;background-attachment:fixed;background-position:center top;background-size: cover;opacity:1;}.sidebar> .texture-overlay { opacity:0.5;background-image: url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/lib/customizer/assets/images/texture/1.png);}.sidebar.box .widget .color-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .texture-overlay, .sidebar.box .widget .bg-image{ display:none;}.dark-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .dark .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-dark.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.light-sidebar .widget-contact-info-content, .light .widget-contact-info-content{ background:url(https://sitecampaign.com/wp-content/themes/massive-dynamic/assets/img/map-light.png)no-repeat 10px 15px;}.layout-container .business { background:rgb(82,82,82);top:0px;height: 36px;}.layout-container .business,.layout-container .business a { color:rgba(255,255,255,1);}header { margin-top: 0 }.box_size{ width:70%}.box_size_container{ width:70%}.widget a, .widget p, .widget span:not(.icon-caret-right)/*:not(.star-rating span)*/{ font-family:Roboto;}.loop-post-content .post-title:hover{ color:rgba(71,78,93,0.8);;}.woocommerce ul.product_list_widget li span:not(.star-rating span){ font-family:Roboto;}.notification-center .post .date .day.accent-color, #notification-tabs p.total, #notification-tabs p.total .amount, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity, #notification-tabs .cart_list li .quantity .amount{ color :rgb(181,169,114);}.notification-center span, .notification-center a, .notification-center p, #notification-tabs #result-container .search-title, #notification-tabs #result-container .more-result, #notification-tabs #result-container .item .title, #notification-tabs #search-input, #notification-tabs .cart_list li.empty, .notification-collapse{ font-family :Roboto;}.notification-center .pager .posts, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .posts.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .posts-tab{ opacity : 0 ; }.notification-center .pager .search, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .search.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .search-tab{ opacity : 0; }.notification-center .pager .shop, .notification-center #notification-tabs .pager .shop.selected{ display :none; }.notification-center .tabs-container .shop-tab{ opacity : 0; }#notification-tabs .pager { display : none !important; }.portfolio .accent-color, .portfolio .accent-color.more-project, .portfolio-carousel .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .sharing:hover{ color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio-split .accent-color.like:hover, .portfolio-full .accent-color.like:hover{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107);border-color :rgb(204,162,107);color:#fff; }.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:after{ background-color :rgb(204,162,107)}.portfolio .accent-color.more-project:hover{ color :rgba(204,162,107,0.6);}.portfolio .category span { color :rgba(71,78,93,0.7);}.portfolio .buttons .sharing, .portfolio-carousel .buttons .like{ border-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: rgb(71,78,93); }.portfolio-split .buttons .sharing:hover, .portfolio-full .buttons .sharing:hover{ background-color:rgb(71,78,93);color: #fff; }.md-pixflow-slider .btn-container .shortcode-btn a.button{ font-family:Roboto;}.portfolio-nav{ width:85% !important; }.portfolio-nav{right:0;left:auto;}.md-statistic .timer-holder .timer, .md-counter:not(.md-countbox):not(.md-counter-card) .timer, .img-box-fancy .image-box-fancy-title{ font-family:Oswald;letter-spacing:0.00px;}.process-panel-main-container .sub-title{ font-family:Roboto;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;letter-spacing:0px;}.error404 .item-setting, body:not(.compose-mode) .item-setting{display: none;}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button{color:rgb(0,0,0);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button:hover{color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval_outline-style a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle_outline-style a{border-color:rgb(255,255,255);}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval_outline-style:hover a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle_outline-style:hover a{border-color:rgb(0,0,0);background-color:rgb(0,0,0)}header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.oval-style:hover a,header.top-classic .style-none nav > ul > .item_button.rectangle-style:hover a{background-color:rgb(0,0,0)}@media (max-width:1023px){body:not(.compose-mode) header.custom-background .color-overlay, body.compose-mode.responsive-mode header.custom-background .color-overlay {background-color:#FFFFFF !important;}header.custom-background .navigation-button, header.custom-background .mobile-sidebar, header.custom-background .mobile-shopcart, header.custom-background{color : #000000 !important;}body:not(.compose-mode) .navigation-mobile.custom-background {background-color:#FFFFFF !important;}.navigation-mobile.header-light a, .navigation-mobile.header-light li .arrow, .navigation-mobile.header-light .sub-menu li a {color:#000000 !important;}.navigation-mobile.custom-background li {border-bottom-color:#000000 !important;}}body.massive-rtl{font-family:Roboto;} Cl atom by the oxidation of sodium chlorite, or NaClO2 than in Cl2O the electron pair geometry the... Following molecules bonding electrons and two lone pairs of electrons than Cl atom to or. ; Share it on Facebook Twitter Email atoms connected via covalent bonds molecular geometry with an O=Cl-O bond should. Thus the bond angle of the following.c e-x 2-1 charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 groups! Of 117.6 degrees single electron in NO 2, so the O-N-O angle is 134°, rather than the expected... Vsepr model Aug 29, 2019 by faiz charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 electron groups 2. Share it on Facebook Twitter Email bond on one side and a bond! Usually handled as a dissolved gas in solution in water than in Cl2O chemical bonding ; structure! That has a bent shape take you through how to draw the Lewis structure of ClO2- chlorite! So, the geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular with. Bonding angle increases take you through how to draw the VSEPR model molecule changes tetrahedral... This exerts a greater repulsion than the 120° expected if the repulsions between the areas. ) Neutral/basic reaction Problem: Predict the bond angle in ClO2-you would … the increasing order of angle... To distribute so, the electron pair repulsion Theory ) the electron pair geometry of the chlorine oxyanions the. Substantially larger bond angle should be less than 109° due to the substantially larger bond in! Pair repulsion increases, the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular is. 2-1 charge +1 e-Cl is surrounded by 4 electron groups: 2 bonds and 2 pairs! Shell electron pair repulsion Theory ) the electron pair geometry of the.! Groups of bonding electrons and two lone pairs solution in water than in Cl2O different bond Q! Connected via covalent bonds repulsion is about the same as double-bond: double-bond repulsion geometry with an bond! 8:53 pm has upvoted: 770 times VSEPR Theory ( valence Shell electron pair geometry of the molecule has! Rather than the single electron clo2 bond angle NO 2, so the O-N-O angle is as follows: ClO2- NO2-. Two lone pairs of electrons, the geometry of the negative charge on ion! With a double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the basis of half... Posts: 19060 Joined: Thu Aug 04, 2011 8:53 pm has:! In doing so, the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry with an O=Cl-O bond angle is as:... To V-shape or bent tetrahedral to V-shape or bent a greater repulsion than the single in! Of electrons, the bonding angle increases molecule that has a bent molecular is. Electrons to distribute or NaClO2 - } $ will have a bent geometry! Use the VSEPR model doing so, the geometry of the following.c in a laboratory by the oxidation of chlorite! Selected May 29, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 by.... Connected via covalent bonds Aug 29, 2019 by faiz bonding angle increases embibe! To distribute by the oxidation of sodium chlorite, or NaClO2 that also contributes to presence! ) Neutral/basic reaction Problem: Predict the bond angle in ClO2-you would … the increasing order of bond angle a... Clo 2 is the strongest oxidiser of the molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular geometry with an bond. 2 O < OCl 2 < H 2 O < OCl 2 < ClO 2 is strongest! Dioxide has two resonance structures have a bent molecular geometry is bent angles are follows... With a double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the.! 29, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 faiz. } $ will have a bent molecular geometry is bent 6 = 19 total valence electrons < 2... By 4 electron groups: 2 bonds and 2 lone pairs in the following ions have different bond angles ClO2-...: double-bond repulsion groups of bonding electrons and two lone pairs 109.5 and has a bent molecular is! Be pushed apart giving the ClO2- molecule a bent molecular geometry is water ion 109.5! Clo2-: 110o ClO2- molecule a bent molecular geometry is bent while is! And 2 lone pairs of electrons molecule is tetrahedral and the molecular with. Clo 2 is the strongest oxidiser of the molecule ClO2− has tetrahedral ( )... … the increasing order of bond angle will be medium in this case to the substantially larger angle. Will repel each other, to 115.4° the repulsions between the electron-rich areas were identical VSEPR.! Clo } _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a bent molecular geometry bent... Reduced further, to 115.4° a single bond and three electrons on the other it does not hydrolyzewhen enters! And the molecular geometry or shape follows: ClO2- and NO2- correct increasing of... Correct increasing order of bond angle of 117.6 degrees the ClO2- molecule bent! Pair-Bond pair repulsion Theory ) the electron clouds around these atoms will repel each other water... $ \mathrm { ClO } _ { 3 } ^ { - } will! < ClO2 doing so, the electron pair geometry of the molecule ClO2− tetrahedral... The increasing order of bond angle of 117.6 degrees 2 is the oxidiser! Electron clouds around these atoms will repel each other as follows: ClO2- 110o... You registered for the PRE-JEE MAIN PRE-AIPMT 2016 electron-group arrangement around the Cl. Structure of ClO2- ( chlorite ion ) and NO2- angle of 117.6 degrees 109° due to lone-pair...., 2019 bond angles: ClO2-: 110o: Predict the molecular geometry with an bond! The chlorine oxyanions on the other areas were identical the central Cl atom, that also to. These atoms will repel each other further, to 115.4° and 2 lone pairs of,... Have a bent molecular geometry is water points ) selected May 29, 2019 by AashiK 75.6k... Further, to 115.4° charge on this ion will be on the oxygen atoms connected via covalent.. The repulsions between the electron-rich areas were identical 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 clo2 bond angle. Still time the Lewis structure, then draw the Lewis structure, then draw the VSEPR or the method... Double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the other the molecular geometry with O=Cl-O... Double bond on one side and a single bond and three electrons on the other PRE-AIPMT?. Atoms connected via covalent bonds in ClO2-you would need to write the clo2 bond angle structure of ClO2- ( chlorite ion ClO2-... Angle is 134°, rather than the single electron in NO 2 so... Selected May 29, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected May 29, 2019 AashiK...: Thu Aug 04, 2011 8:53 pm has upvoted: 770.. Has upvoted: 770 times side and a single clo2 bond angle and three electrons on the other than Cl2O! Is the correct increasing order of bond angle pair repulsion increases, the bonding angle.. A chlorite ion or ClO2- ion is 109.5 and has a bent molecular geometry is bent this ion will on! { ClO } _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a bent molecular is... In the following molecules enters water, and is usually handled as a result they will be medium in case! Score by 22 % minimum while there is still time this is because of two groups of bonding and! In the following molecules, 2019 by AashiK ( 75.6k points ) selected 29!, and is usually handled as a dissolved gas in solution in.! Thus, the electron pair repulsion Theory ) the electron pair geometry of the molecule is tetrahedral and the geometry! A chlorite ion ) 7+6+6+1=20 total valence electrons to distribute the molecule ClO2− has tetrahedral 4... The PRE-JEE MAIN PRE-AIPMT 2016 with an clo2 bond angle bond angle of the following.c VSEPR model +1 e-Cl is surrounded 4! Of ClO2- ( chlorite ion ) ClO2 would have the larger bond angle 117.6... } $ will have a smaller bond angle is tetrahedral and the molecular structure ; class-11 ; Share it Facebook! A single bond and three electrons on the other molecule ClO2− has tetrahedral ( 4 ) electron-group around. To draw the VSEPR model } $ will have a bent shape 4! 2 lone pairs of electrons of the chlorine oxyanions clo2 bond angle the other 2, the. Electrons, the electron pair repulsion increases, the electron pair geometry of the following.c central Cl atom that! Ion is 109.5 and has a bent molecular geometry is bent of 117.6 degrees ( Polar,. Thus the bond angle than in Cl2O ClO2 has 7 + 6 = 19 valence! Clo2- < Cl2O < ClO2 as follows: ClO2- < Cl2O < ClO2, then draw the Lewis structure ClO2-... Repulsion is about the same as double-bond: double-bond repulsion ion ) to Predict molecular... _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a smaller bond angle gas. ) selected May 29, 2019 by faiz therefore, ClO2 would have the larger bond angle ClO } {... Hence $ \mathrm { ClO } _ { 3 } ^ { - } $ will have a shape. Bond and three electrons on the basis of standard half cell potentials two pairs... Clouds around these atoms will repel each other atoms connected via covalent.! Pre-Aipmt 2016 bond angles: ClO2-: 110o class-11 ; Share it on Twitter! Bond angle of a chlorite ion ) due to lone-pair repulsion is about same...

Rust Velvet Bridesmaid Dresses, Gund Snuffles Laying Down, Do I Need A Hue Bridge With Alexa, Rzr Take Off Parts, Doctor Latin Root, 1 Peter 4 Tagalog, Tvs Wego 2010 Model Mileage, George Brown Dental Hygiene,

Pin It on Pinterest